What do you mean by capital budgeting

What is Capital Budget and Why is it Important? - - 2021

At some point, most companies will have to decide whether spending now serious money on investment projects will benefit them in the future. Capital planning is an excellent aid in decision making. Capital budgeting helps a company look to the future and figure out the return on investment on a long-term basis.


  • Capital budgeting is a financial planning process that companies use to determine the value of an organization's long-term investments.

What is Capital Budgeting?

Capital budgeting is a series of steps companies take to weigh the merits of a planned capital investment. "Capital" in this context means the company's long-term assets, such as real estate or technology. Therefore, the company decides which investment projects, e.g. For example, buying a new building, replacing machinery, or launching a new product should be a solid investment and should be kicked off. The budgeting process is very structured. By following the framework, companies can be assured that they have carefully assessed all possible risks and rewards associated with the project with a minimal rate of error.

Use of capital budgeting

Companies use the concept of capital budgeting whenever they want to estimate the long-term value of an asset purchase or compare one investment option to another, and it can also help narrow down the options when it comes to deciding which to invest in a sea of Opportunities for the company can be fruitful. In this regard, capital budgeting can help you develop long-term strategic goals for the company. Perhaps more importantly, it provides the budgeting and spending control for the projects that you've green-lit. As you move a project forward, capital planning lets you know when spending could affect stability or growth.

How does budget planning work?

Budget planning takes several factors into account when assessing the profitability of a project. Return on investment is the key driver, but other factors, such as the value of a project to society, can justify adding a project to the company's portfolio. The starting point is to compare the internal rate of return that an investment is designed to generate against the financing costs that the company will have to pay for the project, known as the weighted average cost of capital. If the internal rate of return exceeds the WACC, you should accept the project.

The internal rate of return is itself a complex financial analysis that estimates the future cash flows of the investment. Many small businesses seek professional help from a financial advisory firm before they begin budgeting.

Importance of capital planning

Capital budgeting is important as it gives the company hard numbers against which to measure the risks and potential rewards of a project. A company that allocates resources to a speculative investment without measuring its likely effectiveness may be considered irresponsible and will lose the support of shareholders. Not only does capital planning ensure the peace of shareholders, it also ensures that the dollars spent make money for the company. The capital investment often involves substantial cash and leverage. A lack of investment decisions can therefore have catastrophic effects on the company.