Is Tanzania a developing country

Tanzania A country in upheaval

Tanzania is one of the most politically stable and peaceful states in sub-Saharan Africa and has a stabilizing effect in a region that has been and is characterized by numerous conflicts. The country has achieved constant annual economic growth for the past ten years and is one of the best performing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, the challenges remain high population growth and corruption.

The government is pressing ahead with reforms in the fight against corruption and increasing its own income. The political will to initiate reforms also exists in other sectors that are essential for the country's development, such as health and water supply. The first successes have been recorded - nevertheless, Tanzania continues to be one of the least developed countries in the world.

Tanzania has an established system of government. There are several political parties, the former Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) uninterrupted government since the independence of Tanzania in 1961.

Since President John Magufuli took office in 2015, the rights of the opposition, civil society (access the encyclopedia for the term) * and the media have been severely restricted. The nationwide local elections in November 2019 were boycotted by the largest opposition parties - more than 90 percent of their candidates were not allowed to vote. Presidential and parliamentary elections took place in October 2020, incumbent John Magufuli was re-elected with a large majority. The elections were overshadowed by violence, opposition parties criticized the irregularities in the elections and the tough crackdown on opposition candidates by state organs.

The relationship between Tanzania and Germany is shaped by the colonial past of the two countries: from 1891 to 1918 large parts of the country belonged to the German East Africa colony. Today the relationship between the two countries is good and friendly. For example, there are numerous partnerships between cities, schools and church communities in Tanzania and Germany.

Development cooperation

Tanzania and Germany have been partners in development cooperation for decades. The cooperation focuses on the priorities of water, biodiversity and health, including family planning.

In October 2018, planned government negotiations were canceled at short notice by the Tanzanian side. A large part of the planned funds could therefore not be committed. At government talks in September 2019, major obstacles on the way to new government negotiations were removed. These are planned for 2020.