How was pantyhose invented and why
The story of the stockings
Stockings and tights are almost as old as mankind
Of course not. For a long time people went through life barefoot and only wrapped a few furs or skins around their feet in the cold winter so as not to freeze. Nevertheless, stockings have been around for a few years. Stockings were already well known to the Romans and Egyptians. In the beginning there were scarves that were wrapped tightly around the legs with leather straps. The feet and lower legs were covered. The Trojans wore skin-tight trousers, which are also counted as hosiery.
Stockings are becoming a trend
Around the 7th century the "Hosa" became modern. They were stockings that went down to the knee. Two centuries later, the stockings were long enough to be attached to a doublet, hernia or waist belt. After all, nobody likes slipping stockings. Stockings were provided with loops and fabric straps to protect them against slipping.
While the common people had to be content with knitted stockings, nobles quickly went in silk, which was provided with elaborate embroidery. In 1589, William Lee developed a hosiery loom that made stocking knitting 10 times faster. The first forerunners of the pantyhose were the medieval leg warmers of men, which were attached to a belt.
18th century - the hour of birth of the ladies' stocking
Until the 17th century, only husbands and lovers were allowed to see the women's legs in stockings. A century later, things changed. The stockings became more fashionable and were even embroidered. Elaborately designed garters kept the stockings in place. Those who couldn't afford the expensive stockings with ribbons made of high-quality materials turned to simple models made of cotton and linen.
Soon, stockings took on a sporty character. Even so, elaborate patterns were a trend. Refinement processes were developed and mercerising gave the stockings a great color and more color fastness.
Stocking factories take over production
With the invention of the cotton machines, more and more stocking factories came into being. Artificial silk stockings were developed for women, which were available alongside woolen knitted stockings. The accuracy of fit and velvety increased, unfortunately this was at the expense of durability. When fully synthetic polyamide fibers were invented in the 1930s, silk stockings were replaced.
There was a real stocking revolution when nylon came on the market. May 15, 1940 went down in stocking history as "N-Day". DuPont sold the first 5 million nylon stockings in the United States. There was an incredible rush in the country's shops. Thousands of customers coveted entry. In New York alone, 780,000 pairs of nylon stockings were sold. Back then the nylons were available in strengths of 70 to 40 denier. One was still years away from the wafer-thin. Just a year later, nylon was discovered because of its tear resistance for the military and nylon stockings became a scarce commodity.
Stockings and tights are a matter of course
In the 1960s, stockings and tights made their final breakthrough. Different materials prevailed, stockings and tights have been available in different strengths since then. In addition to the nylon tights, the Dederon, developed in the GDR and much cheaper, was a leap forward. Knitted tights have become a common item of clothing among children. Knitted tights were also popular with women as protection against the cold. The patterns and colors changed depending on the fashion trend. Today, tights and hold ups are also a sign of sex appeal.
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