How is Albanian different from other languages

Interesting facts about the Albanian language

 
 
Around seven million people around the world speak Albanian as their mother tongue. The largest number live in the Republic of Albania. In the Republic of Kosovo, which declared its independence from Serbia in 2008, the majority of the population also speaks Albanian.
 
In addition to these two countries, the language is also spoken by Albanian-speaking minorities in the states of the former Yugoslavia, Italy, Greece and other Balkan states. The numerically largest group of Albanians living abroad is to be found in Germany - around half a million people in this country speak Albanian as their mother tongue. Perhaps you know someone in your neighborhood, your circle of acquaintances or your company who speaks this language.
 
Albanian is the official language in Albania and the Republic of Kosovo. In Macedonia and Montenegro, alongside the other official languages ​​there, it also has an official status.
 
Linguistically, Albanian is one of the Indo-European languages. However, the Albanian language forms an independent branch in this language family and cannot be assigned to any of the large groups (e.g. the Romance or Slavic languages).
 
Today the Latin alphabet is also used in Albanian, which has been expanded to include two special characters (ë and ç). Some letter combinations are also used to represent sounds that the Latin alphabet does not allow for (e.g., like th in English for the or xh, like dsch in jungle). This Latin writing standard was only established at the beginning of the 20th century - older documents in Albanian can also be found in Cyrillic, Arabic and Greek script.
 
Two main dialects can be distinguished in Albanian: the Tuscan dialect, which is widespread in the south of Albania, and the Gegic dialect spoken in the north of the country. The dialectal border is formed by the Shkumbin River, which divides the country into the various language areas. The two dialects differ quite clearly from each other in terms of spelling, pronunciation and grammar - but not so much that their speakers cannot communicate with one another.
 
The standard Albanian language, which was established under the communist rule in Albania (and from the 1970s in Kosovo), is based primarily on Tuscan elements. For some years now, the Gegic dialect has been flourishing again, especially in Kosovo this is being strongly encouraged by the schools.
 
In the Albanian courses from Sprachlernen24 you will of course get to know the standard Albanian language. With this you will be able to communicate with all Albanian-speaking people - regardless of which dialects they speak.