Why is Lord Vishnu called Sarwa

Shaligram Shila Brahma-Vaivarta Purana


1 There are different types of Shilas (stones) that are highly worshiped in India. First of all, of course, the Shaligram Shila, (also Shalagram, Salagram, Saligram), an incarnation of Vishnu himself. In Brahma-Vaivarta Purana, Lord Mahavishnu says: I become a stone and will always live on the banks of the Gandaki. The millions of worms (Vajra-Keeta) that live in this place will adorn these stones with the sign of my Chakra (Discus). The Gautamiya Tantra says that these venerable stones, known as Shalagram Shila, can only be found in the Gandaki River in Nepal. Brahma tells Narada that in particularly auspicious moments these Shilas (stones) are formed in the holy river Gandaki.


3 They have the colors black, red to brown, orange, green, yellow, white, blue, colored or transparent. They come in all possible shapes, smooth, rough, uneven, plump, with and without holes, with and without markings, with few or many chakras (discus). The Shalagram stones can only be found in or on the upper reaches of the Gandaki and its tributaries. (other names are Kali Gandaki, Krishna Gandaki, Narayani, Saligrami, Hiranyavati). Kali Gandaki River In the gray rectangle is the upper reaches of the Gandaki River in Nepal

4 Lord Varaha says to Boodevi (the goddess of planet earth) in the Varaha Purana: O Devi, may all glory be with you. You asked me about a big secret. I will tell you an incident about it and the story connected with it. Lord Vishnu once meditated for the benefit of those in the Himalayas, the abode of the gods. While He was so absorbed in severe renunciation, much heat arose, which heated up all spheres. As the heat rose, sweat dripped from Lord Vishnus Gandaksthal (a point just below the ear). From this sweat flowed the all-sanctifying river Gandaki. This river is so sacred it can eradicate the sins of the entire world. Varaha (the boar incarnation) is the third of the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu In the Brahma Vaivarta Purana it is told how Vrinda Devi, a consort of Radharani, came from Goloka Vrindavan (the highest spiritual planet) as Tulasi Devi to earth incarnated and Vishnu cursed and also cursed by Him. These are transcendental games, always for the benefit of humanity. The curse of Vishnu is actually a supreme blessing, and it says that Tulasi Devi's body will become the famous Gandaki River, her hair will become the Tulasi plant and later she will marry Vishnu. This Tulasi plant will be the best of all flowers and trees and will be worshiped in all worlds. And Tulasi curses Vishnu to become a stone (Shaligram). The full story here:

5 In the Devi Bhagavatam there is the story that Vishnu becomes stone (Shaligram) due to Vrinda's (Tulasis) curse, and also incarnates as grass (Kusha grass), as a tree (Pipal tree) and as a plant (Tulasi). The Kusha grass (Eragrostis cynosuriodes, also Darbha grass) is hair that comes from the shell of the turtle incarnation Vishnu (Kurma Avatara). They were rubbed off the tank by a large whorl mountain and washed ashore by the milk ocean. This grass is used for religious rituals and knotted into mats, for meditation and ceremonies. Kusha grass Here Kurma-Avatara carries the Mandara mountain on his back. This is used as a whorl by demigods and demons. They want to use it to stir the nectar of immortality out of the ocean of milk, similar to stirring butter in a butter churn. (Bhagavat Purana)

6 The Pipal tree (Ficus religiosa, also Peepal, Bo and Bodhi tree), in Sanskrit Asvatthavriksha, belongs to the mulberry family. Lord Buddha attained enlightenment under this tree. Tulasi (Ocimum sanctum, also holy basil) means incomparable in Sanskrit. The leaves and flowers are used especially for Shaligram worship, but also in every temple for Krishna and Vishnu worship. Prayer chains are carved from the wood of the plant. The Puranas report that this plant even grows on the spiritual planets. Tulasi Plants and Vrinda Devi The Shalagram Shila is glorified in all Vedic scriptures. Padma Purana: Every person who drank the water with which Shalagram Shila was bathed is synonymous with drinking the thousands and thousands of panchagavya. [panchagavya is a mixture of the 5 auspicious products of the cow: cow dung, cow urine, cow milk, cow ghee and cow yoghurt]

7 In Brahma Purana, Lord Narayan (Vishnu) says: O Brahma, I reside forever in the form of Shaligrama-Shila Skanda Purana: The Lord resides in many places where He may be worshiped, but of all places Salagrama is the best. Skanda Purana: Worship of Salagram Sila can be done by women, shudras (low born), brahmanas, kshatriyas, etc., and they can all attain the eternal abode of Krishna to perfection. Gautamiya Tantra: Just by touching a shalagram one becomes free from the sins of millions of births, so what to say if one worships him! Through Shalagrama puja (worship) one gets the company of Lord Hari (Vishnu). Padma Purana: All these holy rivers that grant moksha (liberation) like Ganga, Godavari and others reside in the caranamrita (bathing ritual water) of Shalagrama.

8 Salagram means -the place (village) where the Sal tree grows. In the Puranas it is mentioned that Salankayana Maharishi (among others) had his hermitage here, at the origin of the Gandaki, under a mighty, divine Sal tree, for meditation. The stone is called like this area. Tulsi Devi received this blessing from Lord Vishnu, her body became the Gandaki River and Lord Vishnu resides (as a salagram) in her watery womb as her own offspring. And innumerable Tulasi plants grow from her hair. It is said that there is a corresponding shalagram form for each of the thousands of names of Vishnu.

9 The chakras in the shalagrams are not of natural origin. Lord Vishnu himself produces these disc markings in the form of these worms (Vajra-Keeta). In another Purana these (spiritual) worms are called the incarnation of Vishvakarma. Your teeth and nails are harder than granite. These vajra keeta dig into the stone and then live within. During their stay they create these chakras, inside and outside, and make other markings as well. Some Shilas have holes (one or more), these holes are called mouth (vadana). The salagram serves as a habitat for these worms and not as a shell. The Puranas declare that through these chakras the Lord reveals His presence in the Shalagram. Since He is already present by his own will, no installation ceremony or other dedication is required. The Shaligram can be immediately worshiped by anyone. There are of course some without any markings or prints. Different forms of salagram are associated with different avatars (incarnations) of Vishnu, as well as kurma, narasimha and so on. Each species is very, very sacred. The yellow and gold Shalagrams are considered to be extremely lucky and grant the admirer immense prosperity and wealth. But they are very rare and difficult to obtain.

10 According to Varaha Purana, the Shalagram Shilas are classified into three groups: i) jalaja (water-born) through contact with water and mountains they are very smooth and shiny, they are considered something special. ii) sthalaja (land-born) they are only in contact with mountains and therefore rough and not very shiny, they are considered average. iii) matha (cell-born) these Shilas look like petrified ammonites (fossils), which are said to have been hollowed out by insects (kitaka), they are of lesser value. There are two matha subgroups: matha (actually): if the stones have been eaten hastily and listlessly, they are said to be empty of juice, these shalagrams have rough chakras. kesara: when they are slowly and carefully hollowed out by the insects, which also enjoy the existing juice. The chakras (prints, traces) that the insects leave behind are highlighted by their many filaments (kesara). The Shalagram can only be found in a certain region in Nepal and it is not so easy and quick to get there. But the demand is very strong all over India, in every temple and household one wants to worship Shalagram. Therefore, you only get duplicates at many pilgrimage markets. Either from the Triveni river on the Nepal / India border, these look a bit similar to the real shalagrams, but are much lighter and their chakras are more unsightly and they do not shine. Or you can use tools to carve such imprints into stones of some kind. Outside of Nepal you can hardly get real Shaligrams. You can test them with gold rings, gold chains or gold coins. A clearly visible trace remains immediately on the surface. Goldsmiths in India have been using Shalagram stones since ancient times to determine the purity of gold.

11 Shaligrams from Gandaki River Shilas from Triveni River Ammonite Fossils Shree Lakshmi Narasimha Shila Triveni shila - Lakshmi Narasimha Ammonit Fossil England Shree Lakshmi Narasimha shila side view Triveni shila - Lakshmi Narasimha Ammonit Fossil top Ammonite Fossil MadagasKar Shree Maha lakshmi shila Triveni Shila - Lakshmi narayan Ammonite Fossil Morocco Shree Maha lakshmi shila top view Triveni sudarshana shila Ammonite Fossil Peru But of course there are many duplicates in India. Shalagrams are heavier and stronger and shinier than e.g. the false Shilas from Triveni, a river on the Nepal / India border. The Skanda Purana says: "One who puts a price on a Shalagram Shila, sells a Shalagram, gives his opinion about the value, examines it to estimate the sales value, all these people will live in hell until the time of cosmic destruction. " Nevertheless there is a market for pilgrims and devotees everywhere in India and very rare Shalagrams can even be obtained on the Internet for a large "donation". Outside of Nepal you can often find fake shalagrams that are made with tools from normal stones. Fake Shaligrams made from normal stones:

12 These are sure to be real: (unlike the ones shown above)

13 A mighty sal tree A shalagram found in Muktinath In search of shaligrams, you often have to rummage for a long time Shalagram Kshetra is the name of the area from Muktinath to Damodar Kund. Shalagram Shilas are rarely found in Muktinath. From around Kagbeni, Shaligram occurs in (or on) the upper reaches of the Gandaki and its tributaries. In Kagbeni, the black Kali (Krishna) river, coming from Muktinath, flows into the brown Gandaki, coming from Damodar Kund, and henceforth becomes Kaligandaki (Krishnagandaki). Damodar Kund and Shalagram Mountains are the birthplace of Shalagram and here you can easily find Shalagrams at every step. The actual source of the Kaligandaki is 108-Kund. Sometimes you find very large shalagrams, 1-2 meters high, which are then transported away by a group of men with technical aids. The confluence of Kali and Gandaki in Kagbeni, a holy place of pilgrimage. Many Shalagram Shilas are venerated in the temple where the two rivers meet.

14 The Kagbeni Temple, large Shaligrams Muktinath, 108 cow mouths made of bronze, with water Here you can see the transcendental Vajra Keeta worm, within the Shalagram, and its gnawing traces. From his teeth and nails.