When is the declaration date for NEET 2018
In 2018, 74 percent of the electricity from Swiss sockets came from renewable energies
The data on the Swiss electricity delivery mix (electricity mix from the socket, see box) is collected annually and published on www.stromkennzeichnung.ch in the electricity labeling cockpit. The data published today provide information about the electricity deliveries in 2018. For the first time, the obligation to full declaration applies to electricity labeling. This means that electricity of unknown origin, so-called gray electricity, is only permitted in exceptional cases and until the delivery year 2020. Since most of the neighboring countries do not issue any guarantees of origin for electricity from conventional power plants, Switzerland has introduced so-called replacement certificates. For the first time, coal electricity from abroad can be declared as such and no longer has to be summarized under gray electricity. This is an essential step towards more transparency in electricity deliveries.
- 66 percent of the electricity supplied in 2018 was produced in large hydropower plants (2017: 60.5 percent). 76 percent (2017: 80 percent) of the hydropower supplied was produced in Switzerland.
- 17.3 percent (2017: 15.1 percent) of the electricity supplied was produced in nuclear power plants. This is lower than the share of nuclear energy in the Swiss production mix (36 percent). At 99.8 percent (2017: 93.6 percent), the nuclear energy supplied came almost exclusively from Switzerland.
- 6.3 percent (2017: 16.1 percent) of the electricity supplied came from non-verifiable energy sources. With the introduction of the full declaration in January 2018, non-verifiable energy sources are no longer permitted, with the exception of multi-year supply contracts that were concluded before November 1, 2017 (a transition period until the 2020 delivery year applies). As expected, the share of non-verifiable energy sources has decreased due to the full declaration. Electricity-intensive companies are now procuring so-called replacement certificates for electricity from fossil and nuclear sources from European power plants for which no regular certificates of origin are issued (see above).
- The share of new renewable energy sources (sun, wind, biomass and small hydropower) continues to increase, from 7.2 percent (2017) to 7.85 percent in 2018. Of this, around 91 percent were produced in Switzerland and almost three quarters through the feed-in tariff system (KEV) promoted.
- Small amounts of the electricity supplied in 2018 came from waste (0.95 percent) and fossil fuels (1.7 percent), with the latter being mainly imported via replacement certificates.
Production mix is not always the same as delivery mix
In Switzerland, 55.4 percent of electricity is generated from hydropower, 36.1 percent from nuclear power, 2.8 percent from fossil fuels and almost 6 percent from renewable energies (= Swiss production mix 2018). But not only electricity from Swiss production is supplied to the Swiss sockets: there is brisk trade with foreign countries, with electricity being exported and imported. Therefore, the Swiss production mix does not match the average composition of the electricity supplied (= Swiss delivery mix).
In order to create transparency about the delivery mix of every electricity supplier and to enable consumers to make an informed decision in favor of a specific electricity product, Swiss electricity supply companies have been legally obliged since 2005 to disclose the origin and composition of the electricity supplied. The declaration is made retrospectively, based on the dates of the previous calendar year. Since 2006, these figures have to be made known to all customers with their electricity bills. Since 2013, the data has also been published on the Internet platform www.stromkennzeichnung.ch.
Addresses for queries
Marianne Zünd, Head of Media + Politics SFOE, 058 462 56 75, [email protected]
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