What kind of compound is sugar

The sugar

We keep talking about sugar or sugars here. We should take a closer look at the sugars so that we can understand the processes involved in making honey. A little bit of chemistry is coming your way.


Carbohydrates, Saccharides, are composed of carbon ('C'), hydrogen ('H') and oxygen ('O').

A water molecule contains two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen ('H' to 'O' like 2: 1). Molecules that contain this ratio of hydrogen atoms to oxygen atoms (2: 1) are therefore generally referred to as hydrates. If carbon atoms are added in a ratio of 1: 2: 1, they are referred to as carbon hydrates.

Basic structure - sugar

Sugars are a special form of carbohydrate. The chain of atoms can join together to form a ring. There is a temporary connection between a carbon atom and an oxygen atom. This leads to a ring shape of the sugar molecule. This connection can loosen again. Therefore, a small part of the sugars is in the form of a stretched molecule.

The simple sugars, Monosaccharides, in honey are always made up of 6 carbon atoms, which form the connecting chain of the molecule. There are also 6 atoms of oxygen and 12 atoms of hydrogen attached to the chain. There are many different ways of combining them. In honey, the simple sugars are mainly dextrose (Glucose) and fructose (Fructose) available.