Andrew Johnson died in office
Has a vice president ever had to replace the US president?
Lyndon B. Johnson will be aboard the Air Force One sworn in
The last case was the assassination attempt on John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963 in Dallas. JFK was fatally shot in several shots while driving through town in an open car with his wife Jackie. His Vice President - Lyndon B. Johnson - was sworn in as the new US President on the day of the assassination aboard Air Force One on the way to Dallas in an urgent procedure. Johnson ran the business of government for the remaining 14 months and was re-elected president in the next 1964 election.
To date, it is not fully clear whether Lee Harvey Oswald, who was arrested just 20 minutes after the attack, was really the shooter. He himself denied the act. Conspiracy theorists suggest that multiple assassins may have been involved in the murder. And there is even wild speculation that Lyndon B. Johnson, the jealous and then unpopular Vice President, was behind the murder plot.
Chilled when inaugurated: President Harrison dies after 31 days
Curiously, that was the first case in which a vice president had to replace the president. That was in 1841, when President William Henry Harrison died of pneumonia. The 9th President of the then still young United States had given a two-hour speech at his inauguration in the open air and in freezing temperatures. Without hat and coat. The 68-year-old caught a cold and died just 31 days later - on April 4, 1841. He went down in history as the US President with the shortest term in office.
After his death there was a brief constitutional crisis because the constitution said nothing about whether new elections should be held in such a case or whether Harrison's deputy should stand in. Finally, under Article 25 of the US Constitution, Vice President John Tyler took office. Immediately after Harrison's death, he was sworn in and moved straight to the White House. This made John Tyler the first president not to be elected by the American people.
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