Which careers only require a bachelor's degree
The agony of choice after graduation
All work submitted and all exams completed? Do you want to start your day-to-day work right now or do you want to pursue another degree, perhaps a master’s degree or a PhD? At a university or college? Part-time study or a dual study program? Or maybe start your own company right away and stand on your own two feet? Many doors are open to you after you graduate. Before you open up one or the other, you should be clear about which career you are aiming for and what you are ready to accept for it. As in everything else in life, there are advantages and disadvantages to making this decision about which path to take, which must be weighed carefully.
Graduates who have their first professional qualification under their belt are faced with the decision of whether to start further studies or whether they prefer to start their professional life straight away. The fact is: Anyone who is still completing a diploma or master's degree usually decides to start their career. However, the Bachelor / Master system has unsettled many. Some Bakk graduates do not yet feel sufficiently qualified and hope to increase their job chances by specializing in a Master’s degree. For example, 85 percent of applicants opt for a postgraduate master’s degree at the latest two years after their bachelor’s degree.
Do you want to work straight away or have a master's degree?
There is no question that a master’s degree makes sense for the sole purpose of developing analytical and social skills. But the higher salary - although it no longer plays the decisive role for many newcomers - must not be ignored. The fact is that master or. Magister graduates initially earn up to 350 euros more gross than Bachelor graduates. In addition, the wage gap becomes even greater over the years. The salary advantage of Bachelor graduates due to earlier career entry is therefore not an argument against a Master’s degree in the medium to long term.
Job after graduation
Anyone who already feels ready for professional life should be on the lookout for suitable job offers a few months before graduation. But there is no guarantee that you will find the right job straight away. However, you increase your chances if you consider beforehand which positions and industries are of interest to you. The following questions will help you:
Check for career choice:
- What do I enjoy? "
- What am I good at?
- What do I do in my free time? How much time do I take for this? Do I want to forego these leisure activities?
- What subjects was I good at? Which subjects do I prefer less?
- What are my strengths and weaknesses?
- What am I committed to?
The first days in the new job
Did you get an acceptance? Congratulations! But the nervousness during the job interview often continues in the first few days of work. Finally, there are still many uncertainties: Do I get along with my colleagues? Does the area of activity suit me? Do I meet the expectations? But don't worry: if you keep a few basic things in mind, not much can go wrong.
Good time management: You should arrive on time and allow enough time for a possible traffic jam, etc. However, if you are late, you should have the number of your direct supervisor ready so that you can let them know and apologize.
Adhere to the dress code: Depending on the industry and company philosophy, there are different views on the right clothing style. Ideally, you should ask before your first
Working day, which clothing style is desired. In the creative industry, such as an advertising agency, the clothing style is often rather casual. Bank employees, on the other hand, have to exude seriousness; Jeans and shirt are here
out of place.
Show sensitivity: Young professionals are often unsure how to behave towards their colleagues. It is therefore important to extend the antennas and observe which informal rules prevail in operation. Under no circumstances should you be too brash at the beginning, but wait, observe and participate in discussions constructively and with interest. They should also be polite
Manners should be taken for granted
Draw a first balance: After a few weeks at the latest, you should have found out whether you enjoy your work, whether you are under or overburdened and whether the company philosophy suits you. If you have minor problems, you shouldn't give up too early, but address them specifically. But if you come to the decision that it is not the right job for you after all, you have to reorient yourself.
Continuing your studies after your bachelor's degree - but where?
The universities place the emphasis on the independence of the students, starting with the compilation of the curriculum, through taking initiative during the studies to scientific research and problem solving. Certain fields of study can only be studied at one university, such as medicine or law. At the universities, too, the majority of the courses on offer have been converted to Bachelor and Master degrees, so the standard period of study for the Bachelor is around six semesters, and for the Master between two and four semesters. For most courses in Austria, proof of the Matura or a relevant university entrance qualification test is required for admission to a course. For some degree programs with a large number of visitors, additional admissions procedures have to be completed, such as for human medicine or psychology.
If you would like to find out more about studying at a university, you will find useful tips at www.bmwf.gv.at.
Further helpful links to the courses and possibilities after the Matura:
Check: Is a UNI the right choice for me?
- Do you have a high level of self-organization or do you want to acquire it?
- Do you want to design your schedule according to your own ideas?
- Is sound theoretical knowledge just as important to you as practice?
- Don't you want to take part in a selection process? *
- Would you like to be taught predominantly by academic lecturers?
- Do you want to combine different fields of study yourself?
If you answered “yes” to these questions, a university may be your preferred type of university.
Information is available at:
* (Attention: For some courses, such as economics, there is now an admission procedure if the number of applicants
University of Applied Sciences
The university of applied sciences is a type of university that focuses on applied and practice-oriented training. The courses at universities of applied sciences are usually more specialized than those at universities. After completing a bachelor's degree, there is the option of starting a master's degree that builds on it. This takes between two and four semesters and can be completed either at the same university of applied sciences or at a different university of applied sciences or university - regardless of whether at home or abroad. Most bachelor's and master's degree programs conclude with the title Bachelor of Science or of Arts and Master of Science or of Arts. The multi-stage admission procedure for a study place usually consists of a written application, a written admission test and a subsequent oral interview. The application deadlines at the universities of applied sciences are different, some offer several dates, others only one.
The following applies to admission to the master’s program:
- Completed subject-relevant FH bachelor's degree or
- Completion of an equivalent degree at a recognized domestic or foreign post-secondary educational institution (e.g. a university)
Check: Is a university of applied sciences the right choice for me?
- Do you prefer to work on practical topics in small groups?
- Do you need a clear time frame and a clear structure?
- Do you want a high proportion of lecturers from business?
- Do you prefer small class numbers and thus more personal contact with colleagues and professors?
- Would you like to receive specialist knowledge and well-founded social and methodological skills?
- Don't you want to deal with overcrowded lecture halls?
If you answered “yes” to these questions, a university of applied sciences may be your preferred type of university.
Information is available at:
Half of all universities of applied sciences offer part-time courses. The courses for these degree programs are mainly held in the evening or on the weekend and make it easier for the students to organize themselves with given curricula and a structured structure. With a few exceptions, no part-time courses are yet offered at Austrian universities. However, many courses are held in the morning or in the evening. There are also many block events on the weekend.
Integrated learning, or “blended learning” as it is called in English, is currently the trend. Some universities of applied sciences have set up this form of learning to accommodate students who are part-time. This is a hybrid of face-to-face phases and e-learning. The advantage is obvious: Students can decide for themselves when and where to acquire the new material. However, this hybrid form requires a lot of self-discipline and perseverance. In addition, technical communication problems can occur from time to time.
This trend towards part-time study programs has grown in importance in recent years. The dual study programs in Austria are growing steadily. Dual study programs are characterized by a mixture of theory and practice and thus qualify twice as the dual study program combines job and study. You are in an employment relationship and receive the necessary practical training on the job, while also completing a bachelor's or master's degree. This type of training requires a lot of perseverance and renouncement of free time or the odd evening after work. The motto is learning by doing. The reasons behind this, however, are the good opportunities for advancement and the security of having a job during your training. Furthermore, a dual course of study shows a high level of commitment, which can have a positive effect on your career. The advantages for the future academics are obvious. In addition to a sound education, the financial independence of the student is ensured.
Features dual study
- Combination of a FH degree with regular practical phases and / or
- with a parallel job (part-time or full-time)
- offers the opportunity to gain professional experience and finance your studies
Advantages of dual studies
- Acquisition of practical work experience during your studies
- Connection of theory and practice
- financial independence based on income
- Targeted studies, adapted to inclinations, interests and talents
- Facilitating the transition from studies to professional life
Time out - Here I am!
Studying in your pocket and wanting a break?
There are a number of ways to take a year off before you start your job or study. Many use this section for a longer internship at home or abroad or go on a trip around the world. You can even score points with it in a later interview. However, you should be able to explain your decision to take a break well.
You should think about the following questions
- Why did you take a break?
- What did you do during this time and what did you get out of it for yourself?
- What kind of experience can you bring to the advertised position?
More options for a
Time out are:
Voluntary social year, Voluntary ecological year
One possibility for a "gap year" or sabbatical could be, for example, a voluntary social year or voluntary ecological year in order to gain initial experience in the social or ecological area. For the work on site, the participants usually receive free board and lodging as well as monthly pocket money. The voluntary social or ecological year lasts approx. Eleven to twelve months and can be completed at home or abroad.
More information on the topic
are available at: www.jugendservice.at, www.fsj.at and www.maturawasnun.at
Experience abroad - au pair?
As an au pair, you have the opportunity to gain your first experience abroad
to collect. You broaden your horizons of experience, improve your language skills and learn to deal with children. The principle behind this is that you get free accommodation, food and pocket money for your work. You live with your host family and are responsible for childcare and household chores during your stay.
The prerequisites for this:
- You have to be between 18 and 30 years old
- Have proven childcare experience and be willing to help around the house.
To protect yourself, it is advisable to become an au pair through an official au pair agency.
TIP: You can find detailed information about an au pair and a list of au pair agencies that offer placement
You at www.jugendservice.at (under Topics / Up and away / Au-pair)
Die MACHER, edition 01_2015, p. 26 ff. Http://www.zeit.de/campus/2015/s1/akademiker-umzug-berufseinstieg-flexibilitaet; http://www.salzburg.com/nachrichten/rubriken/bestestellen/karriere-nachrichten/sn/artikel/ein-masterstudium-lohnt-sich-142931/; http://kurier.at/karrieren/studikurier/die-master-frage/74.431.280; http://kurier.at/karrieren/berufsleben/neun- Fehler-in-den-ersten-90-tagen/122.260.759; http://www.sueddeutsche.de/karriere/berufseinstieg-so-klappt-der-erste-tag-im-neuen-job-1.1778546; http://www.zeit.de/karriere/beruf/2011-07/erster-elassung-job/seite-2
www.studieren.de/duales-studium-faq.0.html; www.studienwahl.at; www.fh-joanneum.at/aw/home/studieninfo/faq/~bftr/dual/?lan=de; http://www.studieren.at/duales-studium; http://www.zeit.de/campus/2016/s2/berufsbegleitendes-studium-job-master-zeitmanagement-berufserlebnis
www.maturawasnun.at; www.jugendservice.at; www.fsj.at; Download on March 29, 2016
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