What is a decent survival rifle

Correct shotgun cut. "Sawed off" by a rifle instead of a pistol - Fightlite Raider. What is the situation with sawed-off shotguns in other states?

There has always been a need for an ultra-compact and long-range shotgun with a very rambling combat. The peculiarity of such a weapon is a powerful, quick short shot in cramped conditions, capable of covering a small group of attackers or driving away dangerous animals practically without a target. A classic example of such a weapon is the American shotgun, which was used by stagecoach drivers and their passengers to shoot back from horse bandits who caught up with them. Actually, the name Coach Gun speaks about the purpose of the weapon. Such weapons have been around since the muzzle-loading era. The "sawed-off kulak" is by no means a novelty of the era of collectivization.

For example, the history of the sawed-off shotgun in the United States is no richer than ours ... In the civil war between the states, with a general lack of weapons and specific cavalry tactics (complete spread of fire via the use of sabers and without lances), were "Trainer shotguns" are often used as a cavalry weapon. However, they were loved by both sides, especially the southerners, as well as various semi-regular formations for which the shotgun was more famous than the expensive and frankly rare revolver in the south.

At the same time, both double-barreled fuze cannons were cut (the shutter loading then only appeared) and old infantry muskets, which abruptly gave up their positions with the advent of rifle weapons. In such a situation, what was sawn off from a musket (rifle) could at least partially replace an ordinary cavalryman with an acutely deficient revolver, and the ability to fire with one shot could partially compensate for a one-time charge of an obsolete weapon.

Yes, and in the era of the development of the West, shortened shotguns said their weighty word as a universal weapon, suitable both in fighting a suddenly attacking enemy and in hunting and protecting against wild animals.
Wild Bill, for example, respected what was sawn off, especially at his age when his eyesight began to fail. And not in vain, because very often a man with a sawed off shot either prevented a firefight or said a weighty word in it: the dispersion of shots in a room or on a narrow street deprived the enemy of the possibility of remaining intact.

The classic Western Luis La Mura has more than once described situations where a shooter with a sawed-off shotgun turned an impending firefight into a relatively constructive conversation ...
In addition, stagecoach guards armed with shotguns have posed a significant problem for robbers, as it is not easy to hit a person at a gallop with a bullet, but a shot load is another matter. Until now, Americans have had a comical tradition: the first society of motorists to use the "Shotgun!" (Shotgun!) Has the right to sit next to the driver. The explanation is simple: a security guard or even a passenger with a shotgun in their hands sat on the box next to the driver, as his weapon was very useful on a dangerous journey and the shooting sector was not much better than that of the stagecoach itself.
Unsurprisingly, double-barreled horizontal shotguns with short barrels are still selling well in the US, and not just as a weapon for "cowboy shooting".

Another famous example of the sawed-off shotgun is the Italian lupara, a sheepdog rifle that did not require targeted hunting.

or so

For example, a shotgun with shortened barrels and often a shaft, together with the American "coachman", became a technically and tactically "correct" shotgun.


based on the coachman and Lupara. The difference in size is visible in comparison to the "normal" double barrel weapon.

The use of the lupara by the Sicilian mafia is nothing more than a rule for the use of the items at hand: a relatively compact shepherd's shotgun was suitable for both self-defense and short-term showdowns.

Well, the classics of the genre are Indian haudahs, ultra-short double-barreled pistol-grip weapons (shotguns and luparas mostly had butts), both made by gun artisans and handcrafted from full-fledged weapons in the mid-19th century. The Houdach, together with the cross-country weapon, was an auxiliary weapon for the big game hunter.

However, if the first two types of sawed-off shotguns are "more competent" from a ballistic point of view, then Houda is closer to the pistols. However, the compactness here was bought at the price of a sharp deterioration in ballistic properties, tk. A complete combustion of the cargo was no longer possible, the muzzle pressure dispersed the cargo, which did not get sufficient initial velocity. With a relatively "sharp" black powder, however, the problem was not very great, but smokeless powder is very demanding for both barrel length and boost pressure.
Hence, a large shot caliber that can be handled quickly and carried relatively concealed has always been in demand with various and numerous categories of armed people.

Despite the industrial production of particularly short shotguns, they were still rarer than classic shotguns. Therefore, the artisanal shortening of the barrels along the front part and sawing off the state of the pistol grip of the pistons became widespread.

A sawed-off shotgun is a weapon of marginalized populations in every country in the world (for example, the Russian "sawed-off shotgun" sounds like a sawed-off shotgun, "sawed-off shotgun"). And it is mostly loved for its availability - old hunting rifles, rifles found on the battlefields, etc. are donors. In our country at all, there was a long time in the 50s when the sales of a hunting smoothbore were not regulated at all.A person could buy a double shotgun in a regular general store without a permit. Incidentally, the number of "criminal" sawed-off shotguns fell sharply after the criminals gained access to "normal" weapons.
To this day, the sawed-off shotguns in the crime chronicle continue to flicker with a clearly marginal connotation: The sawed-off shotgun has become a weapon of domestic quarrels and poor bandits. Fortunately, the wars, which have not stopped since the early 1990s, have flooded the CIS with criminal weapons from army camps, and their purchase "for a serious child" has not been a problem for a long time.
However, those who suddenly need to turn a gun into a compact gun, which is against the law, do so without any difficulty. Half an hour of work to saw off the barrels and buttocks - and you have a compact weapon in hand, which, unlike the original, is suitable for carrying under a jacket or in a bag.
The sawed-off shotgun became shorter than its predecessor - the shotgun - and retained its power, although the sawed-off barrels reduced the projectile's initial velocity by at least a quarter.
Shooting from a sawn off shot at close range often leaves no chance of survival, but accurate shooting is not easy. After cutting, the power of the weapon is retained, but the recoil-absorbing weight is greatly reduced and the ability to hold securely is lost. As a result, the recoil at the edge is quite high, but the severity of the hold and the shortened finish line reduce accuracy significantly. The target range has nothing to do with the original sample of the weapon - you can actually only get the sawed-off shotgun from the "pistol" distance.
However, the stories about "pulling out of the hands" can only be true if the shooter is very weak physically (a woman, a teenager ...) or stupid (shoots "magnum" cartridges or crafts without saving the weight) . In fact, anything that has just been shot (including a tank of water to hold samples for research) can be held in a pistol without injuring the wrist. But the throw is solid, of course, so they either shoot with a reduced charge or with two hands from sawed-off shotguns. Fortunately, most of the time the front piece stays in place as an element that allows you to attach the barrel to the gun.
It is not for nothing that the sawed-off shotgun is called an "atypical criminal weapon": With all the standardization of factory weapons, two identical sawed-off shotguns are practically not found.
In general, in the absence of clear criteria, it can be roughly stated that the length of the barrels of the carriage gun and the lupar is about 55 to 35 centimeters, while the butt is completely or partially preserved. From a ballistic point of view, the weapon is closer to the prototype than to the pistol and even enables hunting with it.
Houda and criminal sawed-off shotguns are mostly close together in terms of weight and dimensions and have a barrel length of less than 30 centimeters and are often in the range of 15 to 20.Examples are also known when the barrel length is less than or equal to the cartridge length, i.e. only about 7 centimeters.

Stupid people who wanted compactness cut the barrel almost to the chamber. Just like it was seen in the movie Once Upon a Time in Mexico.


This hammer wasn't very lucky either. Barrels are only twice as long as the cartridge itself ...

Such a cigarette butt can roar and throw a flame torch, but the projectile actually launches out of the chamber without adequate acceleration. The Polisnarium spreads out with a high muzzle pressure so there is almost no point in shooting further than 10 meters and there is no question of the accuracy of firing a bullet. And carrying this isn't much more convenient than the "competent" sawed-off shotgun. Despite the fact that there is only one item, namely 44 centimeters of the barrel, that is, 4, the ballistics is completely different.
In general, the low grade, impure work, is the level of a gopnik.

Those with better chefs cut the logs no closer than 25-35 centimeters from the official cut. The projectile can accelerate sufficiently (more than 75% of the initial speed the projectile reaches in the first third of the barrel), a lower muzzle pressure reduces the torch and rumble, as the gunpowder has already had time to burn largely. Such a device is already suitable for short-range shots of animals and birds, for example the "space" TP-82 and many "survival shotguns" have the parameters "competent shutdown", i.e. Lupara or Coach-Gana.


Another single barrel IZhik. Here at least the front part was spared.

The firing range of the sawed-off shotgun (again, depending on how you cut it!) Does not usually exceed 15 to 20 meters. However, if you use plastic containers to shoot or fire a bullet, the range increases to 30 meters or more. In addition to the length of the barrels, the line of sight and ergonomics play an important role.
For the best absorption performance when loading cartridges, the sharpest (fast burning) gunpowder is used. It is true, it is necessary to reduce the charge and projectile and to approach the "sport" clutch, i. H. Minimum for this caliber. Simply put, the parameters of cartridges are almost ideal for sports, with the exception of the size of the shot - there is almost no point in shooting a snipe here.
The peculiarity of the technology for equipping the shotshells is explained by the very low ratio of caliber to barrel length, which makes it difficult to ensure complete combustion of the powder before the projectile leaves the barrel.
In any case, it cannot be denied that high-quality, strictly individual equipment of cartridges that generate high "pressure" is of great importance for trimming. The accuracy and focal length of different cartridges from the same barrel can vary significantly.
There is a classic old practice of equipping the sawed-off shotgun with black (smoky) gunpowder. Such cartridges provide a stable, reliable fight, but all the disadvantages of black powder lie in their use. However, there are very few shortcomings. However, smoking powder not only allows you not to steam with weights (plus or minus half a gram), but also to shoot with half loads: The problem of exerting pressure on the "smoker" is not worthwhile, and "spitting" with it insufficient weight or the tightening of the load by twisting, which is characteristic of smokeless powder. won't be here.
While American comrades can acquire and own sawed-off shotguns with a minimum of permits, in the CIS it is a criminal weapon. And if you keep your grandfather's two-headed bum undocumented, you only risk a fine and gun confiscation. But after working with a hacksaw, the same two-sided piece turns into a "bouquet" of two articles of the Criminal Code (263 and 263-1), and this one is already "heavy". So before you see the old tulku that has survived without registration since the 70's, make sure you decide if you need it.
The critical value is cutting logs to more than 45 centimeters and shortening more than 80 centimeters overall. Trimming the piston with the barrel intact is also interpreted as a criminal change, and there are already many such cases across the country.
Be that as it may, Lupara and Coach-Gan definitely fall under the definition of a hunting weapon within the specified limits. If a citizen has decided to feel the romance of the prairies or Sicilian meadows, he can saw off a burned-out trunk up to 451 millimeters and sleep peacefully: the total length in this case will not exceed 80 centimeters. A small, long-range, double-barreled shotgun from an already "slain" weapon can be useful when hunting in thickets or under a dog, as well as in a variety of other situations.

It's not just a single hacksaw that is used to cut the edges, however. Taking into account the American market, the Russians produced the IZH-43 KN, a typical carriage weapon that is also subject to criminal restrictions.
The soulful shotgun should be noted.

Hey, oh yes, my black horse!
Hey, sawed off steel!
Hey, thick fog!
Hey, oh yes, Papa Ataman, yes, Papa Ataman!

Trim- the legendary weapon of the civil war on the level of Mauser and Mosin. And also the favorite weapon of fists and bandits of all kinds!

So what is the bleeding? This is any weapon made by shortening the barrel (s) and buttocks. Usually a hunting rifle or a hunting rifle is used as the basis for the sawed-off shotgun. The main advantages of the sawn-off are its small size, which allows you to sneak it around with you, and terrible lethal power at close range (up to 20 meters). The effectiveness of close-range smooth-barreled shotguns can be beyond the lethality of automatic weapons. The disadvantages include the lack of the ability to get an aimed and effective shot over long distances and with poor accuracy. This is caused by the shortening of the barrel, as it also removes the sighting devices, the crafting of the muzzle and the lack of the piston. It is difficult to say which folk artisan first thought of such a weapon, but first of all, all types of sawed-off saws were used in three countries: the United States, Italy and Russia (later the USSR).

In the United States, the saw-off product first appeared in the first half of the 19th century and became a very common weapon in all walks of life during the time of the conquest of the Wild West. Not many settlers could afford expensive Colt or Smith & Wesson revolvers, but any shopkeeper could turn a cheap hunting rifle into a deadly melee weapon and always have it on hand. And ammunition for a hunting rifle cost an order of magnitude less than for a revolver. To achieve the accuracy of spontaneous shooting with a revolver, you need to train a lot and constantly, shooting at the target only from a sawed-off shot, and one shot will cover one or even two opponents. And if you remember the medical status of that time, even initially a not very serious injury can have serious consequences.

During World War I, American Marines actively used shotguns and all types of sawed-off shotguns for hand-to-hand combat in trenches and trenches. The same thing happened in all subsequent wars in which the United States participated: from World War II to Vietnam to Iraq.

The spread of sawed-off shotguns was facilitated by the fact that various shotguns (pump-action shotguns) are officially in use in the American Army, and many soldiers sawed off their butts, shortened the barrel, and carried them as an additional weapon for close combat. Many also brought guns from home or bought them locally with their own money, or obtained them otherwise. The command ignored this and didn't particularly interfere with the carrying of additional weapons, especially when it helps a soldier stay alive in combat.

There are many factory-made short barrel and no-action shotguns that are officially in use in the modern American army and police force. There's even a system that lets you hook a sawed-off shotgun to the main gun and use it as a "rifle" shotgun.

Sawed-off shotguns also appeared in Italy in the 19th century, and initially shepherds were armed with them to protect the flock and themselves from wolves and thieves. Hence the Italian bleeding and got its name - "Lupara" (Lupo means wolf in Italian). The classic Lupara is considered the sawed-off shotgun of a horizontal hunting rifle with 12 or 16 gauge. Sometimes only the barrel was cut off, leaving the butt, and the length of the barrel was usually 30-40 cm.

Then the Lupars cutoffs were taken over by the Italian mafiosi from Cosa Nostra. This weapon leaves no wounded at close range, and even a bulletproof vest is not a reliable protection against it. The kinetic energy of a shot from such a gun with a shot or bullet is so strong that even if it does not penetrate a bulletproof vest, it will cause a severe concussion blow and internal damage.

In Russia, sawed-off shotguns were not particularly popular until the revolution of 1917 and the end of World War I in 1918. After the revolution, millions of soldiers stormed home from the fronts, taking their weapons with them, as was natural for such a troubled time. The main weapon of the tsarist army was the Mosin rifle. It also becomes the base of most sawed-off shotguns in Russia. The soldiers - farmers, for the most part - understood that it was difficult to carry a bulky rifle unnoticed, but that it was useful around the house. And this is where Russian ingenuity comes to the rescue - the barrel and buttocks are sawed off.

Of course, with such a change in craft, the ballistic indicators dropped significantly, and it was almost impossible to hit the target from a distance of more than 50 meters. On the other hand, the preserved weapon was easy to hide in a bosom and in a cart under hay or mats and always at home.
In addition, the bullet of a powerful rifle cartridge that came out of the short barrel began to tumble chaotically and, when it hit a person, inflict terrible wounds. And when all the gunpowder was fired there was no time to burn out in the short barrel, and the flame from the barrel shot forward several meters and the sound was much louder. All of this had a very demoralizing effect on the enemy in general.

During the civil war, the sawed-off shotgun of the Mosin rifle became the main weapon of the peasant resistance - this is exactly what I began to call "sawed-off kulaks". And Soviet cinema and propaganda posters firmly fixed the stereotype of a bearded man wearing a graduation shirt, vest, cap and trousers in boots and sneaking around the chairman of the collective farm or a young Komsomol member from this "sawed off kulak" at night " to kill.

Later, during the NEP and until the 1980s, the sawed-off rifle became a weapon of criminals and appeared frequently in crime reports. During the Second World War (1939-1945), the sawed-off shotgun was also used by all types of partisan formations.

Shotguns appeared fairly late in the USSR as there were no handguns for free sale until the late 1940s. However, after the end of the Great Patriotic War, no documents were required to buy a hunting rifle. Smoothbore guns were sold in stores as household items. The registration of hunting weapons was not introduced until 1976. Previously, over 1.5 million shotguns were made and purchased. And it wasn't bandits who started making sawn-off pieces out of it, but ordinary people who were desperate because they didn't have a self-defense weapon that could be carried concealed. But gradually the sawed off hunting weapon becomes a bandit weapon.

According to news, sawed-off shotguns are still popular, much more popular than illegal short-barreled rifles. In addition, the patterns of the past do not limit thinking about illegal weapons - they actively saw double-barreled guns with vertical barrels and hidden triggers.

The army, police and hunters also use sawed-off shotguns.

The cutoff is also firmly anchored in the cinema (both at home and abroad).

Here is Danila Bagrov in the Russian cult film "Brother"

Papanov in the film "Cold Summer of 53"

Banderas famously sniffs from the edge

"Sawed off a la kulak" - Toz-106

Tell me, comrade, what the hell
Did you buy Tozik one hundred and six?
- Oh, there is, my friend, no small reason:
You left Saiga at home in the off-season
And I'm in an alley and in a dark forest
I have these trimmings in my bosom.
The hunt closed this year -
I don't care about the flu, I'll go after the ducklings.
"Thank you" - said the poacher to the Tula,
An engineer found the object to fine-tune,
Tourist and fisherman - an argument for the Gopya,
Anyone can use my machine!
From youth to white-gray hair
We all need a sawed-off kulak shotgun!


The last copy is just a megazlo - the barrel was sawed off almost to the chamber itself, the front part was thrown into hell. What's not a cashless guard type gun? In the meantime, don't worry. "

Cutoff - tactical and technical sketches
Cuts are different. Logs sawed and sawed literally everything.

These are more or less "common" forms of cutting. Horizontal or single-barrel, trigger, more rarely - sawed off rifle bolts. Practical in close combat instead of a pistol, although standard gunpowder in hunting cartridges is not designed for such a short barrel, they do not have time to fire and, accordingly, the shot is weaker than with a full-fledged weapon. It makes sense (if you're already involved in an illegal slick short barrel :)) pouring less gunpowder or using a faster burning one (the latter comes with a bit of ineptitude and hip shooting with a lifetime Darwin price tag).

According to news, the sawed-off shotguns are still popular and more popular than the illegal short-barreled guns. In addition, the patterns of the past do not limit thinking about illegal weapons - they actively saw double-barreled guns with vertical barrels and hidden triggers.

There is a certain sense in that - the weapon turns out to be flatter, faster than the trigger and also safe with a safety device.


This is a "working" serial killer shotgun, by the way. For 7 years and 52 there were no accidental shots as I understand it. Apparently he didn't shoot a lot, he was used more for intimidation. Taken from here: Anyone interested in criminal weapons will be interested.

In general, according to the mind, it's the sawed-off criminal shotgun that should be a revived nightmare. Compact, in short almost 100% lethal, fast enough to carry out a mass execution in a bipedal pen in places where civilian weapons are banned. By definition, there are no documents and no sanity checks of the criminal shotgun owner, and there cannot be. Against this background, the legal civil constitutional court looks rather pale.

Of course, cutoffs are banned in our country (and in other countries this is debatable), but there is also a need for them, so civil weapon manufacturers are forced to experiment in this direction. Taking into account the traditional Russian insensitivity of the manufacturer to the wishes of the consumer, one can estimate the extent of the "wish"!


Izh-43-KN Export - Remington spr220, 510 mm drums.

Please also note that this is not just a "hunting smooth bore", but also a traumatic weapon specially developed for self-defense:

And not only the Russian manufacturer:

At all times, people tried to reduce weapons for hidden transfers while leaving their combat characteristics. So they appeared: stilettos in sleeves, swords in sticks, pocket pistols and sawed-off shotguns.

Cut off shotgun

What is blossoms? This is any atypical weapon created by shortening the barrel and butt. Usually a hunting rifle or a hunting rifle is used as the basis for the sawed-off shotgun. It is difficult to say which of the folk artisans first thought of such a weapon, but most importantly, they used all types of sawed-off shotguns in three countries: the United States, Italy and Russia (later the USSR). The main advantages of a hunting rifle cut are its small size, which allows you to stealthily carry it with you, and terrible lethal power at close range (up to 20 meters). The downsides are the lack of the ability to aim and effectively fire at greater distances and poor accuracy. All of this is caused by the shortening of the barrel, as the visor, the crafting of the muzzle and the lack of a stock are removed along with it.

One of the variants of the American disguise

In the United States blossoms first appeared in the first half of the 19th century and became a very common weapon in all areas of society during the time of the conquest of the Wild West. Not many settlers could afford expensive Colt or Smith & Wesson revolvers, but any shopkeeper or bartender could turn a cheap hunting rifle into a deadly melee weapon and always have it on hand. And ammunition for a hunting rifle cost an order of magnitude less than for a revolver. To achieve the accuracy of spontaneous shooting with a revolver, you need to train a lot and constantly, shooting at the target only from a sawed-off shot, and one shot will cover one or even two opponents. And if you remember the medical status of that time, even injuries that are not very serious at the beginning can have serious consequences.

Various American ingredients

During World War I (1914-1918), American infantrymen actively used shotguns and all kinds of weapons cuts for close combat in trenches and trenches. The same thing is repeated in all subsequent wars in which the United States has participated: from World War II to Vietnam to Iraq. The proliferation of sawed-off shotguns in the army was facilitated by the fact that the American army was officially armed with a variety of pump-action shotguns, and many soldiers sawed off their butts, shortened the barrel, and had a "loyal friend" as an additional weapon wore for hand-to-hand combat. Many also brought guns from home or bought them locally for their own money, or obtained them otherwise. The command turned a blind eye, and it didn't really hurt to carry extra weapons, especially if it helps the soldier stay alive in combat. There are many factory-made short-barreled and useless shotguns that are officially in use in the modern American army and police force. There's even a system that lets you hook a sawed-off shotgun to the main gun and use it as a "rifle" shotgun.

Italian lupara

In Italy cuts Also appearing in the 19th century, shepherds were initially armed with them to protect the flock and themselves from wolves and thieves. Hence the Italians bleed and got their name - "Lupara" (Lupo is a wolf in Italian). The classic Lupara is considered to be the sawed-off shotgun of a horizontal 12- or 16-gauge hunting rifle. Sometimes only the barrel was cut off, and the butt was left, the barrel length was usually 30-40 cm. Then the Italian mafiosi from Cosa Nostra took over the Lupar cutoffs. This weapon leaves no wounded at close range, and even body armor is not reliable protection. The kinetic energy of a shot from such a gun with a shot or bullet is so strong that it will cause a severe concussion blow and internal damage, even if it does not penetrate a bulletproof vest.

Saw off the kulak

In Russia, sawed-off shotguns were not particularly popular until the revolution of 1917 and the end of World War I in 1918. After the revolution, millions of soldiers stormed home from the fronts and took their weapons with them, which was natural for such a troubled time. The main weapon of the tsarist army was the Mosin rifle. It also becomes the base of most sawed-off shotguns in Russia. The soldiers, in most cases the peasants, understood that it was difficult to carry a bulky rifle unnoticed, but that it was a useful thing in the household, and then Russian ingenuity came to the rescue - the barrel and butt were sawed off . With such a change in craft, it is clear that the ballistic indicators dropped significantly and it was almost impossible to hit the target from a distance of more than 50 meters. On the other hand, the preserved weapon was easy to hide in the bosom and in the car under the hay or the mat and always at home. Also, the bullet of a powerful rifle cartridge that came from the short barrel began to fall chaotically, and when it hit a person, it caused terrible wounds. If all of the gunpowder was fired in one short barrel, it would not have time to burn out, and the flame of the barrel shot forward several meters and the sound was much louder, which was overall very demoralizing to the enemy. During the civil war, the sawn-off shotgun of the Mosin rifle became the main weapon of the peasant resistance - that's what I call "Kulak Edge"... And Soviet cinema and propaganda posters firmly cemented the stereotype of a bearded man in a graduation shirt, vest, duck hat and pants tucked into boots and sneaking out at night around the chairman of the collective farm or a young Komsomol member to kill this very "sawed-off kulak". Later, during the NEP and into the 1980s, the sawed-off rifle became the weapon of the criminals and often flashed up in crime reports. During the Second World War (1939-1945) the sawed-off shotgun was also used by all types of partisan formations.

Shotguns appeared fairly late in the USSR as there were no plain bore rifles on the open market until the late 1940s. However, after the end of the Great Patriotic War, no documents were required to buy a hunting rifle. Smoothbore guns were sold in stores as household items. The registration of hunting guns wasn't introduced until 1976, before more than 1.5 million guns were manufactured and purchased. It wasn't bandits who started making sawn-off pieces of it, but ordinary residents who were desperate because they did not have a self-defense weapon suitable for concealed carry. But gradually the sawed off hunting weapon becomes a bandit weapon.

Trim as well as firmly anchored in domestic and western cinematography. In the Russian cult film "Brother" there is an episode in which you make a cut. In many Western action films, robbers and treats are armed with a sawed-off shotgun. In the "post-nuclear world" of all parts of the film "MAD MAX", the main character Max Rokatansky is armed with a sawed-off shotgun, for him he is the main weapon. There is also a sawed-off shotgun in various computer games. In the game "Falaut 2" (Fallout 2), the sawed-off shotgun is described as follows: "Someone took the time to cut the last few inches out of the barrel and shorten the inventory of this Winchester Widowmaker shotgun. This one-handed short-barreled rifle is currently in operation because of their widespread use, they are ideal for destroying the enemy at close range ”- that is all.


In recent years, smooth-barreled guns have become widely used in the army and police of various countries.The scope of its use is very diverse and, despite many skeptical smiles, this weapon copes well with tasks such as turning off door locks, defeating enemy workers without fear of ricochets and with a certain guarantee that the enemy will even be protected by body armor after a hit can hardly do anything other than lie on the floor and suffocate. In addition, do not forget that ammunition for smooth-barreled pistols can be equipped with a rubber ball ball, which makes it traumatic, which can be useful for law enforcement agencies. Smooth bore weapons have found a new field of application in closed spaces, but at the same time have a serious disadvantage for such an application, which is weight and dimensions. However, since hunting is far from being carried out indoors, many manufacturers produce separate weapons with a smooth barrel, compact dimensions and minimal weight, sacrificing their properties. In this article we're going to try to get to know some of the tiniest of "shorties", guns, if you can call them that, under the common name Serbu Super-Shorty.

It all started with Mark Serbu's attempt to develop a compact weapon based on a smoothbore weapon that is ideal for combat in confined spaces. That is, the designer made a sawed-off shotgun from a smooth-barreled weapon. Serbu chose three models of rifles that are widely used and already established: Remington 870, Mossberg 500 and Maverick 88 as the basis of his weapon. The result turned out to be quite successful, and soon Serbu began mass production of such weapons and founded the Serbu Firearms company in Tampa, Florida. As mentioned above, the designer's work initially only consisted of carefully cutting the barrel of the weapon, equipping it with a pistol grip, shortening the magazine tube and feed spring, and replacing the movable lining of the magazine tube with an additional folding handle for holding it. As a result, the designer also developed a muzzle attachment with which locks can be safely knocked outdoors. There are many weapon options that can be subdivided according to the barrel length and the capacity of the magazine tube, which is limited to 2, 3 and 4 cartridges. Although such weapons are mass-produced in relatively small quantities, most of the time they are made for a specific order as there are many different variations. If we talk about the dimensions and weight of the weapon, then we can consider, for example, one of the most compact samples with a barrel length of 165 millimeters and a magazine for 2 rounds. The total length of such a sample based on the Remington 870 is 419 millimeters, the weight of the weapon is a little more than 2 kilograms. Thus, this sample can easily be used even in the narrowest of corridors without losing the ability to quickly turn 180 degrees.

If we talk about the effectiveness of these samples, then at a distance of 7-10 meters they show almost the same characteristics as their larger ancestors. A small amount of ammunition is fully compensated for by the fact that this weapon is very specific. Also, do not forget that samples with a magazine capacity of 2 cartridges can also be in the chamber with an additional cartridge. It is clear that such a weapon is clearly not intended for hunting, although it can optionally be used for self-defense when attacked by wild animals. Of course, in our country it is not possible to become the owner of such a model, except in a 4-round version, but in the US (not everywhere) you can buy such a weapon for a separate fee to protect living space, what a very sensible application of these "shotguns" seems to me »Weapons. You can not hide from such a device in a narrow corridor, and its effectiveness will be so high that Hollywood never dreamed of it. However, many are skeptical of such a weapon and hardly agree that it is useful for the defense of the house and the issue of arming the army and police with such weapons do not hide its negativity.

Let's try to find out if this sample is limited to self-defense only. So Serbu Super-Shorty can be used in the US Army and the police. Okay, they have a lot of things in service, but the fact that export has been established to other countries suggests that this weapon is really necessary and in demand. Whatever you say, with a gauge of 12, you can significantly expand the range of ammunition and, accordingly, find a lot of options for the use of such weapons, from non-lethal effects to a fairly effective full-fledged combat model, the efficiency of which does not match full-fledged weapons at short range is inferior.

Here is such a simple and at the same time necessary weapon. Mark Serbu has made it through multiple moves with one file and even made a lot of money from those moves. However, this is nowhere near the only such case in the history of arms, particularly in the United States. It is true that it cannot be said here that one person has done practically nothing, after all it is not an easy task to agree on the delivery of parts with the giants of the arms market. One could even say that organizational issues are the main problem with promoting their parts, whatever weapons it was. Suffice it to say, at least to remember that Barrett couldn't sell his guns to anyone at first, and now his large-caliber sniper rifles have become some of the most famous, although not all of them are standard in my opinion. Anyway, thanks to Mark Serb, another smoothbore rifle shotgun appeared on the arms market, the ownership of which can be completely legal, and there are not that many such samples.

There has always been a need for an ultra-compact and long-range shotgun with a very expansive combat (long-range bundle). The peculiarity of such a weapon is a powerful, quick short shot in cramped conditions, capable of covering a small group of attackers or driving away dangerous animals practically without a target. A classic example of such a weapon is the American shotgun, which was used by stagecoach drivers and their passengers to shoot back from horse bandits who caught up with them. Such weapons have been around since the muzzle-loading era.

Another well-known example is the Italian lupara, a shepherd's shotgun that did not require aimed hunting shots (the Zheti Arlan Lupara will soon be releasing a separate publication). Well, the classics of the genre are Indian haudahs, ultra-short double-barreled pistol-grip weapons (the coachman's shotgun and the Lupar still had butts), both made by arms craftsmen and craftsmen in the mid-1800s by gunsmiths and crafts that have been altered from full-fledged weapons. The Houdach, together with the cross-country weapon, was an auxiliary weapon for the big game hunter. Hence, a large shot caliber that it can handle and carry relatively quickly has always been in demand among various and numerous categories of armed people.

Cut off as is

Despite the industrial production of particularly short shotguns, they were still rarer than classic shotguns. Therefore, the artisanal shortening of the barrels along the front part and sawing off the state of the pistol grip of the pistons became widespread. A sawed-off shotgun is a weapon of marginalized populations in every country in the world (in English, for example, the Russian "sawed-off shotgun" sounds like a sawed-off shotgun, "sawed-off shotgun"). And it is mostly loved for its availability - old hunting rifles, rifles found on the battlefields, etc. are donors. In our country at all, there was a long time in the 50s when the sales of a hunting smoothbore were not regulated at all.A person could buy a double shotgun in a regular general store without a permit.

Half an hour of work sawing off the barrels and the butts - and you have a compact weapon in your hand that, unlike the original, is suitable for carrying under a jacket or in a bag. Therefore, the sawed-off shotguns were used for criminal and almost criminal purposes - by bandits and partisan rebels. The notorious Ovechkin family of musicians hijacked the plane in 1988 with two sawed-off shotguns from smooth-barreled hunting rifles.

Shooting from a sawn-off shot

Shooting from a sawed-off shot usually leaves no chance of survival, but accurate shooting from it is not an easy task. The reason for this is that short cannons are made by powerful donors: large-caliber smooth-barreled rifles and army-standard rifles, which in themselves have significant recoil and require a strong grip and force when firing. After cutting, the power of the weapon is retained, but the recoil-absorbing weight is greatly reduced and the ability to hold it securely is lost. Therefore, when fired, the sawed-off shotgun breaks from the hands, jumps up and does not shoot at the target, but in the direction of the target. The aiming range has nothing to do with the original model of the gun - you can actually only get the sawed-off shotgun from far away from the pistol.

And if the sawed-off shotgun partially compensates for the lack of accuracy with a wide bundle of rounds or shot, then the situation with the sawed-off "rifle" shotguns is quite sad. The loss of the properties of guns as the price of compactness is well reflected in the story of Arkady Gaidar "Cut-off", in which a vicious fashion spread among Red Army soldiers to cut gun barrels and turn them into a pitiful resemblance to transform with carabiners. In history it was not possible to reach the growth target with 50 (!) Steps from the edge of the three ruler with the original visibility of more than 400 m.

Factory shutdowns

TP-82 - the so-called astronaut pistol, a survival weapon. It is considered a type of pistol, but it has a breaking weapon design and is a natural haudah. The TP-83 had a triple barrel block - two 32-caliber smooth-barreled barrels and a 5.45-mm rifle-caliber. The device was included in the astronauts' emergency equipment and was designed for self-defense, pass hunting and light signals. Not sold to civilians.

MP-341, also known as Houda. Civil self-defense weapon. It is called a gas pistol, according to the documents, but it is a natural sawed-off shotgun of the IZH-43 double barrel rifle that fires traumatic rubber bullets. Two 12-gauge barrels have internal barriers - obstacles that prevent a hard bullet or shot from being fired. For Houda, specially manufactured traumatic cartridges in the form of 12-gauge cartridges are used, which have been shortened to 35 mm with an elastic rubber ball.

Toz-106 is a smoothbore shotgun. 20-caliber with one barrel, 30-centimeter barrel, magazine load and bolt action a la Mosinka. An old man, but still loved by many for its super compact size. Developed for self-defense and security, it is a factory-sawn-off shotgun of a full-fledged MC-20-01 pistol-grip pistol. The rifle has a folding stock - with the folded back its legally required length is 81 cm and when folded it is 51 cm. Therefore, a lock against firing when folded is built into the piston mechanism, which many can easily (albeit illegally) deactivate.

What is the law

The in-house production of a sawed-off shotgun is a thoroughly criminal act in most civilized countries. In Russia, reducing the length of a weapon below the legally limited total length of 800 mm is actually considered illegal manufacture, and then storage and transport of firearms (Article 223 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation). However, there are situations where the barrel needs to be sawed off quite a long way - not to turn into a criminally sawed-off shotgun, but to keep the gun going. For example, a blow or even a break formed near the cut of the barrels of a hunting rifle. Or a blow was carried out on the barrel, which led to a jam. You can't shoot, straightening is useless, but cutting off a small section of the barrel can fix the problem. However, this law also prohibits the repair of weapons from being carried out exclusively in a specialized, licensed workshop.

Most gun owners, however, repair and fine-tune their guns without any problems. And small crops are no exception. After all, many guns are made by the industry with different barrel lengths - the widely used cheap MP-43 with two barrels (IZH-43) is made with barrels of 510, 660, 710, 725, 750 mm. And this length is not specified in any license document. When registering a weapon in the license and when authorizing the police authority, only the weapon number, caliber and model are recorded. A passport is not required for a certain copy (and for old weapons it is usually long lost). Therefore, most of the time the LRO inspector is unable to determine the foreshortening of the weapon, to prove that it was done at home in the kitchen, and even more so to blame it. We don't make recommendations, we just give the facts.

P.S. from the security agency "Zheti Arlan". Let's remind Kazakh readers that the source of the publication is Russian http://www.chaso.ru/, therefore the author gives links to Russian legislation.

BEIM In recent years, the interest of modern Russian citizens in the history of their homeland has grown rapidly.

The increasing number of high-quality feature films and television series about the Great Patriotic War as well as the First World War and the civil war play an important role. This work slightly pushed aside the unpopular segment that tells of the "dashing 90s". In turn, these films supplanted Soviet cinema at a time that, with some ideological background, narrated the struggle of the Soviet people with the White Guards in the Civil War and with the Nazis in the Great Patriotic War.

Views on certain historical events may differ. Regardless, however, the scriptwriters and directors were still trying to create the most reliable image using the props of those years. This is especially true for weapons.

It is clear that during the war there simply were no more German tanks, so Soviet T-72s are "invented" for them.

In the minds of the filmmakers, the vast majority of German invaders were armed with MP-40 submachine guns.


Although in fact the main weapon was the 98k carbine. The revolutionary sailors are all in machine gun belts and always with a moult in a wooden holster butt. Though actually ribbons and a gun were worn for a few photos.


The cinema has always had an ambiguous attitude towards what has been sawn off. Whether it was a sawed-off three-line shotgun or a rifle, the negative hero always found it.

In Soviet times, a sawed-off shotgun was definitely a weapon for crime and only against the Soviet government and its representatives.

"Positive image" was sawed off for the first time in the famous film by S. Balabanov "Brother". In the tape, filmed in 1997, the main character of S. Bodrov Jr. not only made a sawed-off shotgun from a smooth-barreled rifle with horizontally arranged barrels, but also used it against evil. In our opinion, this stage direction was not chosen by chance either. In many ways, the film "Brother" upsets the idea of ​​a very difficult time in the history of modern Russia and changes a number of stereotypes. Including the stereotype of the sawed-off shotgun only as a weapon of fists and bandits.

According to the Federal Law on Arms, the minimum length of civil cross-country guns must be 800 mm. At the same time, the forensic requirements put another limitation: the length of the barrel with the receiver should not be less than 500 mm, the length of the barrel should not be less than 300 mm. Therefore, in "pure form" the sawn-off shotgun of a double shotgun or magazine rifle is illegal in Russia.

However, during the heyday of "traumatic" self-defense weapons, the sawed-off shotgun was legalized in the form of a gas pistol with the ability to fire a Houda rubber bullet. According to its properties, what was sawn off was so-so, but not because of its aura ...


In those years, street criminals did not take a pistol in the hands of a civilian seriously.There was a lot of gas, traumatic and especially pneumatic pistols on the hands that were worn for self-defense. Among them were very good "traumatic" in terms of power, but most often their owners could not use it, counting only on the psychological effect of the demonstration of weapons. Then the scenario usually ended.

The "traumatic" sawed-off shotgun was carried by some. First, it's heavier and not suitable for concealed carry, and second, pistols were fashionable. The unexpected effect of showing a shotgun instead of a pistol when attacking on the street helped avoid many conflicts without firing. The mere sight of a sawed-off shotgun "criminalized" to nowhere by Soviet literature and cinema, multiplied by the impact of the film "Brother", in which the main character has nothing to lose but the life he stands for sobered many hotheads of street criminals.

In 2016, the sawed-off shotgun became legal again. In addition, the sawed-off shotgun of the real MR-43 (IZH-43) smooth-barreled pistol. It is available as a decommissioned empty weapon for the 10x31TK light and sound campaign.

The sawed-off shotgun was named "Brother-2". Many have already noticed that the bleeding was "brother" in the first film, and it did not appear at all in the second. But initially the meaning was different, BROTHER-2, because there are two in the trunk.


The sawed-off "Brother-2" shotgun retained all of the characteristics of the IZH-43 rifle, with the exception of the ability to fire projectile equipment (shot, shot or bullet).

That said, when an empty IZH-43 rifle is fired, there is only a sound of itself, accompanied by a decent flash of flame. The effect of a shot from a sawn-off shot, as well as its appearance, leaves few people indifferent. And today everyone can join a part of the history of their homeland and feel in the place of the hero S. Bodrov Jr. Here, too, the charisma and the breathtaking effect of what has been sawn off are very popular in our time and full of new weapons.

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