Why is my puppy throwing up blood

Do not be afraid of the first dog birth

Every first own dog litter, every first birth, will always be a nerve-wracking affair for the owner with no experience. If he has already asked or read everything, the fear still remains that something could go wrong. Will he be able to correctly interpret the signs of an imminent birth? What if the calculated due date is exceeded? How long do you have to wait before the first puppy comes? When do you have to get help? The questions are innumerable, and the owner who wants to call himself a proud breeder gets lost and makes mistakes again and again, which mostly only arise from the overly cautious behavior.

The mating date should be fixed, and by the beginning of the 6th week of pregnancy at the latest, the layperson also recognizes
that the bitch recorded. The body begins to round off and from now on it goes on with great strides. After all the anxious first weeks and the question, "Does she have puppies or not?" rest occurs until the 54th day of gestation is reached. As a rule, puppies are born around the 62nd or 63rd day after mating; but since there can be cases in which puppies come earlier, the beginner now starts waiting and hoping night after night. After all, it could be that his bitch will give birth on the 56th day, who knows?

Soon he doesn't even dare to leave the house anymore, and every new day and every additional night brings the probability closer that now maybe or ... but definitely tomorrow!
This waiting and fear, together with the increasingly less sleep, is a strain on the nerves. The owner should lean back leisurely and save his strength, because his bitch will certainly not have her puppies before the 61st day. All healthy dogs, if they are not among those with childbirth difficulties (extreme physique), give birth to their puppies independently and usually very punctually. It is important to know that calm and patience are also beneficial for the bitch. An owner who runs back and forth in excitement, who may still take the bitch's temperature every two hours, because he has read this in a clever book that takes the bitch outdoors every three hours, because he has also read that somewhere, does it Bitch just nervous too.

The litter box or the litter box is ready, but it makes little sense for the owner to follow his bitch every step of the way when she gets up from her sleeping place. The whelping bed, ideally laid out with loose cloths so that the bitch has something to scratch, should be offered to the bitch, but she should not be forced into it. When the time comes, the bitch will choose it on her own or she will not, but more on that later.

How does the dog owner recognize the impending birth and what does "it will be soon" mean? The bitch will behave normally in the last week of pregnancy. She will have some difficulties with her big belly jumping on the sofa just as elegantly, she will also sleep more often, maybe even whimper quietly to herself, but none of that is a reason to panic.
The first external signs can be seen in the sinking of the fruits. If the bitch's body was still fat all around yesterday, the owner suddenly notices that the lumbar region looks sunken, while the stomach, similar to a potato sack, is more rounded downwards. The bitch is nevertheless in good spirits, runs and plays outdoors, is ready for all pranks if the owner does not constantly remind her of her condition and is constantly hungry. It is possible that the legs become "thick" and water forms, which is not a cause for concern. In these very rare cases you have to go for a walk, move the bitch.

It can also be the case that the bitch temporarily begins to pant "threateningly" and no longer wants to move from her place. This condition can last for hours, and the hoped-for signs disappear again, and the expectant mother is then completely "normal" again. If the loin area has collapsed and the bitch has withdrawn for a few hours in the meantime, perhaps panting properly or even whining quietly, the birth can be expected in around one to three days, more later than earlier. Now every bitch is different and that is what poses a problem for the newcomer. Other "more experienced" people have already told him the best things and certainly gave him one hundred percent tips, according to which the hour of birth can be foreseen almost to the minute. All nonsense! No bitch reacts like another, and even from litter to litter the behavior "before" is not identical. It is said that the impending birth is announced when the bitch becomes restless. That is only partly true. There are bitches who appear restless six days before the birth, who can no longer find the right place, who scratch here and there, totally messing up the litter. Others only start "building nests" a few minutes (!) Before they are born, others seem to lose their puppies all of a sudden while watching TV. What consequences should the beginner draw from this?
Basically lock up all books that say something about childbirth, deal with something stimulating and distract yourself. Especially in the time of the approaching or imminent birth, there is absolutely no point in reading the relevant reading again, because that only makes you more insecure, because far too much is written about eventualities and difficulties, about intervention and veterinary help also about the fact that puppies can suffocate etc. etc. The newcomer should inform his vet that puppies are expected, but in most cases, if help is really needed, it happens at such an inconvenient time, where your own Vet is not "at hand" after all. He has other patients as well.

It is more favorable if the beginner entrusts himself to a really experienced breeder who has already had many births and asks him for possible help. In general, it is the reassurance that the beginner lacks the most anyway.

Controlling the bitch's body temperature is not an aid. The normal temperature is around 38.5 degrees and should be measured in the morning and evening. A drop to 36.5 degrees circled an impending birth, but that is not a one hundred percent sign either.
The refusal to feed shortly before birth is found in many bitches, but still, there are some "gnawed" people who still accept about an hour before labor begins.

The matter will certainly be exciting when the bitch starts to lick herself clean and becomes really restless. This restlessness can set in after hours of wandering back and forth and scratching, or it can set in suddenly. As soon as the bitch licks more and starts to squeeze, only then is the time when a birth is imminent.
Restlessness now means hectic activity. Either the bitch is now pushing it outside, and / or she tries to hide or looks around for help, throws herself around, presses her hind legs against resistance or runs off to immediately "look" again at what is happening at her rear end .
The bitch should now be allowed outside again, but please leash, because bitches love to look for a suitable place outside.
The thing with the prepared throwing bearing can lead to difficulties under certain circumstances. If the bitch has chosen another place and labor has already started, she will try to push through the place she has chosen. It is therefore advisable to offer the litter camp as a comfortable but unrivaled place.
The owner should calm down his dog now and not make her nervous by his own hectic pace. Many bitches really want it and would like to take their human with them to the litter camp. Only the familiar people should be present. Under no circumstances should unknown curious people indulge their curiosity.

Of course giving birth is exciting and interesting, but the bitch has enough to do with herself and her owner that strangers are really not popular. There are cases when the bitches delay or interrupt childbirth when there is too much excitement around them.
The owner really has nothing else to do now than calm down the bitch. Easily said, but rest is the first duty of ownership. After the onset of labor contractions, which are clearly visible on the bitch's body and extend in waves towards the tail, it can take up to two hours until the first puppy is born. As soon as the bitch "presses" at regular intervals and changes gradually become apparent, the puppy is stuck in the birth canal and disappears again during the pauses in labor, everything is normal. Fluid, initially watery, later also enriched with blood, makes the birth canals smooth. After several strong contractions, the puppy soon appears, nicely "wrapped" in the egg skins, but it only slips out completely after another three to five strong expulsion contractions. The hectic licking of the mother dog in between, throwing back and forth, getting up and lying down is also normal, but can be very irritating for beginners. Again it is important to calm the bitch down until the first puppy has been driven out.

The beginner should definitely be prepared for the fact that the bitch can also scream loudly with the first puppy.
There are so-called instructions in which obstetrics is described, that is, advice is given here on how to help the bitch. Like that the owner should pull the puppy out.
Improperly performed will only inflict unnecessary pain on the bitch. You shouldn't mess with nature, and the newcomer can quickly overestimate himself.
There is also talk of breeches, which has already been described as a "complication". Breech births are not uncommon in dogs, and there is nothing to worry about at all. There is a lot of fear that the puppy will choke if the bitch does not throw it up fast enough. This causes great uncertainty among beginners who do not exactly know the duration of the labor and who do not yet know what is "normal" and what has been too long. The birth process is always normal and is going ahead.
This means that after the onset of pressure labor, three to four intervals, which are followed by pauses in labor, in which the bitch is eagerly licking herself or appears to be "withdrawn", the puppy has to sit in the birth canal as soon as possible.
Usually the first puppy is born within two hours. The owner is now logged off from the bitch. She now cares intensively for the newborn, cleans and licks it, removes the umbilicus and completely eats the egg shell.
Even now the owner has nothing else to do than change the wet sheets or towels and take a deep breath. The following puppies then follow at significantly shorter intervals, sometimes the mother is still busy cutting off one puppy while the next is already born again. The time intervals between puppies can be 20 to 30 minutes, but an hour or two is also perfectly normal. If the bitch is not in labor and is busy with her puppies that have already been born, cleaning them again and again or taking a little restful nap in between, the birth proceeds without any problems. The last puppy can be the longest to come.

90 percent of all births proceed without difficulty, unless the breed is predestined for dyscotia. Certain broad-skulled or dwarf breeds are undoubtedly at risk of having a hard birth. Bulldogs and Boston Terriers, for example, are five to three and a half times more likely than other breeds. In addition, there is the inability to cut the cord due to inharmonious jaw growth in the brachycephalic races (short-headed).
Labor weakness can be assumed if a bitch needs about 20 labor contractions to drive a puppy out. Veterinary help is indicated here.
In the "natural" bitch, childbirth is a completely normal process and the bitch "knows" by itself what to do. The fact that the beginner is understandably particularly concerned about his bitch and the puppies should not lead to improper interventions. It is absolutely sufficient if the owner is near his dog, observes her, gives her encouragement in the first phase and then lets nature take its course. In this way he can enjoy the exciting event a lot more and he will quickly realize how unnecessary he is with it. His bitch will also take care of the matter independently and without complications. The owner should be proud of that.

When is veterinary help indicated?
If the amniotic sac has burst, i.e. green fluid is leaking, and the puppy is stuck in the birth canal for too long and unprotected and has not been expelled after a good quarter of an hour, help should be called.
Veterinary help is absolutely necessary if, despite the loss of uterine mucus and even amniotic fluid, the birth does not proceed, which means that there are no contractions.
The inexperienced should under no circumstances try himself as an obstetrician with home remedies or with the help of appropriate reading. Above all, he will not be able to decide whether labor-promoting drugs are sufficient or whether a caesarean section is indicated.
Even if problems arise, it is important to keep your nerve and not panic. As I said, with all "normal" dogs and dog breeds, the birth is a natural process, which in 90 percent of all cases takes place without any difficulties.

By Marianne Kiack-Knöfel