How was the CBSE 2016 math paper
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The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE ) is a Citizen Level Board of Education in India for public and private schools, controlled and administered by Union Government of India. CBSE has asked all affiliated schools to only follow the NCERT curriculum. There are approximately 20,299 schools in India and 220 schools in 28 countries affiliated with the CBSE.
The first educational body established in India was the Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education in 1921, which was under the jurisdiction of Rajputana, central India and Gwalior. In 1929 the Indian government set up a joint body called the Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana. This included Ajmer, Merwara, Central India and Gwalior. Later it was limited to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh. In 1952 it became the "Central Board of Secondary Education".
CBSE members all Kendriya Vidyalayas, all Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, private schools and most of Central Government of India schools.
CBSE conducts the final exams for Grade 10 and Grade 12 every March. The results will be announced by the end of May. The board previously conducted the AIEEE exam for admission to undergraduate engineering and architecture courses at colleges across India. However, the AIEEE exam was merged with the IIT-Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) in 2013. The joint test is now called JEE (Main) and is henceforth managed by the National Testing Agency.
performed CBSE also conducts AIPMT (All India Pre Medical Test) for admission to major medical colleges in India. In 2014, the implementation of the national aptitude test for the award of a young research fellowship and the suitability as an assistant professor at universities was outsourced to CBSE. In addition to these tests, CBSE also conducts the Central Teacher Eligibility Test and the optional Class X aptitude test. With the inclusion of NET in 2014, the CBSE has grown to become the world's largest auditing body.
On November 10, 2017, the Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved a proposal to create a National Testing Agency (NTA) to act as the leading autonomous body for conducting entrance exams in the country. As of 2018, various exams previously held by the CBSE were transferred to the NTA, including the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate), Joint Entrance Examination - Main, National Eligibility Test, Central University Common Entrance Test, and others.
For promotions from secondary level (grades IX-X) For upper secondary level (grades XI-XII) a student must receive a total of 33% for all subjects (or the best 5 if 6 subjects are taken), with no minimum grade required .
Originally, the pass criteria were set in such a way that a student had to achieve 33% in both the theoretical and the practical component. However, an exemption was initially granted to students who took the exam in 2018 when they had gone through the old CCE system the previous year. However, later on, CBSE expanded this relief to include students taking the exam in 2019 and later.
For a student who fails to pass up to two subjects, he / she can write the subject in these subjects in July. For those who fail the section or for those who fail three or more subjects, he / she must rewrite all subjects taken in the next year.
For grade 12 students, the overall promotion criteria are 33%, with 33% in either theoretical as well as practical exams (if applicable) are included.
For a student who does not manage to pass on exactly one subject, he can write the subject for this subject in July. For those who fail the section or for those who fail in two or more subjects, he / she has to rewrite all subjects accepted in the next year.
For grades 10 and 12 exams, CBSE includes (along with the grades obtained) the position grade received by the student, which depends on the average performance of the students in this subject. As a result, the thresholds required to obtain a given grade vary every year.
|A1||Top 1/8 of the passed students in this subject|
|A2||Next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject|
|B1||The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject|
|B2||The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject|
|C1||Next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject|
|C2||Next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject|
|D1||Next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject|
|D2||The last 1/8 of the passed students in this subject|
|E.||Failed students (either theoretical, practical or overall)|
The required limits for a specific class in 2018 are listed below:
|class||English core||mathematics||chemistry||physics||biology||biotechnology||Engineering drawing||Computer science||Economics||accounting||Business administration||Computer science practices||Multimedia / web technology||psychology||sociology|
|D2||33||33||Variable (33% theoretical and practical qualification required)|
|class||English language and literature||mathematics||science||Social science||Malayalam||Hindi||French|
|D2||33 (m minimum for all subjects)|
During the CCE
In 2010-2017, when CBSE implemented a CCE (Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment) for Grade X students, only the grades received by the student were mentioned in the certificate in a 9-point assessment scale, which translates as follows:
- Grade distribution for each subject and overall average in 2015 CBSE Class 12 exams
Score distribution for Subject 1. Note the unusual peak for 95, 33 and a few other marks, and a sudden drop in frequency for 96 marks and above.
Distribution of subject 2 brands. The peaks are still standing.
Distribution of subject 3 brands. The peaks persist, but there are fewer students who score zero on the exam due to science students who skipped the theory exam and only got their practical grade.
Distribution of subject 4 brands. The peaks are still standing.
Distribution of the grades of subject 5. The peaks still remain lower, as no moderation is used in subjects like computer science.
Overall average (the first five subjects without additional subjects, if taken) for the same class and the same year. The high at zero was mainly due to students who did not show up for exams at all. The distribution in this case is much more normal and symmetrical than the distribution of the individual subjects.
It is the practice adopted by CBSE to optimize candidates' grades to accommodate paper difficulties and fluctuations. This has been criticized in the past for inflating student grades in a competitive one-grade society, and CBSE is about to finish that. In 2017, CBSE announced that moderation would be stopped entirely. However, the decision has been challenged by a trial in the Delhi Supreme Court which ruled that moderation should continue for this year.
With the exception of 2018, moderation was applied to account for differences in regional rates (as then students in different regions would answer different questions). In 2018, when everyone around the world answered the same questions, that practice was renamed Standardization and the CBSE gradually phased out the practice, reducing the number of subjects given the offset.
In 2018, Math, Physics, Chemistry, and Accounting got an offset of +9, Business Studies +6, and English an offset of +3. In 2019, the moderation awarded up to 11 additional points:
|Subject||Offset (2019)||Offset (2018)||Offset (2017)||Offset (2016)|
The overall grade that a student achieves through moderation must not exceed 95. In this case, the upper limit is capped at 95 unless the student's actual grade is 96 or more. This is why a grade of 95 is relatively common for such subjects and why it is much harder to get a 96 than a 95.
Moderation was also used in the infamous CBSE grade 12 math papers of 2015 and 2016, when the paper caused a stir when students and teachers complained that the paper was too hard. Despite an allegedly strong offset of +16 (+15 for Delhi), student grades fell (especially for 2016) while the A1 limit was stable (90), the A2 limit dropped to 77 and other grades also declined recorded in the cutoff.
Moderation can also take the form of mercy grades so that students who have achieved near the passing grade can pass. This is why grades between 25 and 33 are unknown in subjects like math, and it also explains why the difference between D1 and D2 cutoffs is sometimes very small.
Changes for the 2019 exam
Earlier duration for professional exams
The CBSE has decided that professional exams (which very few students take) should take place earlier - in mid / late February compared to March for most other exams. This is to ensure that the exams are finished sooner.
Other internal options
For many core subjects, the number of internal choices (where students pick one to answer out of two) has increased.
Changes to the English paper
The English (core) grade 12 paper has been changed to make it less "faster".
Changes for the 2020 exam
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will conduct two separate exams for math in grade 10 from the 2020 session. The current math exam is now Mathematics Standard, and a simpler version of math has been introduced (called Mathematics Basic). Students who take the latter version are not allowed to continue studying mathematics.
The ability to choose math is mentioned on the registration form for the CBSE board grade 10 exam. Candidates must select their choice of test as they complete the registration form for the 2020 CBSE Class 10 Board Exam.
Minister for Human Resources Development (HRD) amid the coronavirus outbreak had ordered rescheduling of upcoming exams. The postponed exams should be held between July 1st and 15th. On June 26, CBSE published a circular canceling the remaining exams and giving ratings based on internal exams and ratings at other schools. This decision was made after a court ruling.
2018 paper leak
In March 2018, there were reports that CBSE Class 10 Math and Class 12 Economics question papers had been leaked. In response, CBSE announced that these exams will be canceled and re-exams will be held. However, later on, CBSE announced that there would be no re-exam for grade 10 math paper as the paper leak may have been restricted to a few alleged beneficiaries.
On April 7, 2018, Rakesh Kumar (a business teacher) and two other employees of a private school in Una, Himachal Pradesh, were arrested for leaked grade 12 business papers. According to the police, Rakesh Kumar had gone into the strong room of a bank to pick up packages with question papers from the IT department, but also a package with questions on economic issues. He asked a student to make a handwritten copy of the question paper (so as not to be traced from the handwriting). He then sent photos of the handwritten copy of the paper on WhatsApp to a relative in Punjab. This relative shared the photos with her son and nephew, which they shared with their friends in WhatsApp groups, from where they were forwarded to other WhatsApp groups.
On April 12, 2018, police told Rakesh Kumar that whoever leaked the grade 12 business paper had also leaked the grade 10 math paper.
As a result, the Central Board of Secondary Education has put in place a system of "encrypted" questionnaires to be printed by the schools half an hour before the exam begins.
CBSE currently has 10 regional offices:
- Delhi: Covers NCT from Delhi and overseas schools.
- Chennai: Coverage of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Daman and Diu, Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
- Guwahati: Covering Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.
- Ajmer: Covers Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Gujarat
- Panchkula: Coverage of Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, and Punjab.
- Allahabad: cover Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
- Patna: cover Bihar and Jharkhand.
- Bhubaneswar: Covering Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal.
- Thiruvananthapuram: cover Kerala and Lakshadweep.
- Dehradun: coverage of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
According to the CBSE official website, there are 28 state and private schools in different countries outside of India. The reason for their establishment is mainly to serve the Indian community abroad, or at least the children or relatives of Indian diplomats.
For countries where the population of Indian nationals exceeds even the native population of the country, or countries where they form a significant part of the population such as Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, etc. have Indian Embassies established CBSE schools and enabled Indians or local residents to set up private CBSE schools to serve the needs of Indians in that particular country.
In countries where Indians do not live, Indian diplomatic missions have set up schools in countries such as Russia and Iran that mainly serve children of diplomats.
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