What is cumbia

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The cumbia is a style of music and a traditional folk dance from Colombia and Panama and has its origins in the colonial era. Since the 1940s a modern and commercially oriented form of Cumbia also in the rest of Latin America, where the music soon became very popular. As far as the dance form is concerned, it was originally a circle dance, nowadays it applies Cumbia mainly as a couple dance.
The name comes from the word Cumbé, a popular African dance from the Batá region in Guinea. Originally from the slaves after Colombia brought, the mingled Cumbé later with Indian and Spanish elements. That's how she wears Cumbia three different cultural sources in themselves: the Indian, the black African and the Spanish, because they are the result of a long and intensive intermingling of peoples during the period of the Spanish Conquista and the subsequent colonial era.
As for the instruments, they are drums of African origin, the Maracas and the wind instruments, like that flauta de millo (Flute made of millet) and gaita (flute made of cactus or bamboo cane) Indian origin. The stanzas and melodic structures are all Spanish in origin. The music originated as a folk dance on the Atlantic coast, where African slaves concentrated. The cumbia bands initially consisted of drummers and a flute playing the melody. Traditionally, the accordion also plays an important role in the cumbia.
The modern, commercialized orchestras today also include piano, electric guitar and bass, clarinet, saxophones, horns, keyboards, synthesizers and a wide variety of percussion instruments. Numerous modern salsa bands around the world include the cumbia in their repertoire. Colombian artists who have achieved some international success in this field include Alfredo Gutiérrez and Aniceto Molina.
Cumbia is played in 4/4 time at a medium tempo, while - unlike salsa - the basic beats on the 1 and 3 are clearly marked, often with the help of a marching drum. The second and fourth beat are usually divided into eighths, which can be accented differently. Some Colombian musicians like to mix a few bars of cumbia into their salsa arrangements in live performances to illustrate the proximity of the two types of music.
A subgenus of the Cumbia Colombiana is the Cumbia Argentina, whose best-known singer, Gilda, even became the popular saint after her death in Argentina.
Gilda's music was from Cumbia-Boom in the second half of the 1990s also became increasingly popular among the middle class. The Argentine writer Washington Cucurto refers to in his novellas Gilda.