Who invented the zipper?

The invention of the zipper

It took 74 years from the ideas of the first tinkerers on the zipper in 1851 until it was available to the general public between 1925 and 1935.

Today in Germany alone, 70 million running meters of metal or plastic zippers are made, so many zippers that you could wrap it around the earth twice. In 1851 Elias Howe patented the automatic, uninterrupted clothing fastener, which was intended to replace cords, ribbons or buttons. But it didn't work that well, and even Whitcomb Judson's suggestions for improvement from Chicago in 1890 did not help achieve a breakthrough in 1905, despite the manufacturing machine. It was not until 1912 that the Swede, Gideon Sundb├Ąck, satisfied customers thanks to a few improvements, after he had patented his ideas in Germany for the first time in 1909. In 1923 Martin Othmar Winterhalter from St. Gallen acquired the patent for Europe, further developed the closure, which originally consisted of beads and clamping jaws, and replaced it with the ribs and grooves that are still common today. The first series production was then started in his company in Wuppertal.

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