Stress can cause pre-eclampsia pregnancy

pre-eclampsia

Often times, symptoms of preeclampsia go away with the birth of the child.

Nevertheless, there are a number of consequences for the pregnant woman and the unborn child that can occur before or after the birth. Both the affected mother and her child can suffer from long-term effects long after the birth.

Preeclampsia: Eclampsia and HELLP Syndrome

The severe form of preeclampsia can develop into a Eclampsia in which the pregnant woman may experience seizures and impaired consciousness.

Preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome are closely related. HELLP syndrome is considered the most serious complication of preeclampsia and primarily affects the liver. The HELLP syndrome can also occur without prior preeclampsia.

If pregnant women with or without preeclampsia experience persistent pain in the upper right abdomen, they should immediately go to a maternity hospital and undergo differential diagnosis for HELLP syndrome. This includes ultrasound (sonography) of the upper abdomen and the examination of the blood for certain parameters.

Especially with early preeclampsia, the child cannot be properly nourished in the abdomen because the placenta is not properly supplied with blood (placental insufficiency). This means that less oxygen and nutrients reach the child. It therefore often remains smaller and lighter than with an undisturbed pregnancy.

Preeclampsia: After childbirth

Both eclampsia and HELLP syndrome can occur a few days after the child is born.

If the blood pressure rose during pregnancy, it can take a few days to weeks after the birth before it returns to normal.

Therefore, new mothers who suffered from preeclampsia during pregnancy usually have to stay in the hospital for a few days after the birth and are monitored there.

Preeclampsia: late effects for the child

Due to the undersupply and the possibly premature birth, affected children can suffer from subsequent consequences. In addition:

  • mental and physical development difficulties
  • diabetes
  • Cardiovascular diseases and
  • Obesity

belong. The risk of these long-term effects is higher for children whose mother suffered from preeclampsia during pregnancy than for children whose mother did not develop preeclampsia.

Preeclampsia: late effects for the mother

Ninety percent of women with preeclampsia have chronic high blood pressure 20 years later. However, this does not have to be triggered by preeclampsia, but can rather be due to a general tendency to high blood pressure.

Later heart and vascular diseases are also more common than in women who did not develop preeclampsia during pregnancy.