Am I what I think I am

Philosophy for in between: I think therefore I am

“Cogito, ergo sum”: This famous saying by the French philosopher René Descartes (1596-1650) comes from the meditations on the principles of philosophy. Descartes originally formulated his famous saying as follows: “Ego cogito, ergo sum” and it is the result of a long reflection on right knowledge. This realization that one has to exist in order to be able to think is the first and most certain that emerges in an orderly philosophizing. Because you can question everything you've learned from parents, relatives, and teachers. This list can now be expanded to include books, newspapers, modern mass media and social networks. Everything that we take in and consider to be true occurs through sensory perceptions or their mediation from outside. Now, as Plato did long before him, Descartes found that these sensory perceptions are sometimes deceptive and that things are different from what they appear to us. That is why he calls it a prudence never to trust the senses completely. Which in turn means for him a conflict with regard to his own knowledge and he questions it. But if one can doubt everything that is conveyed through the senses, there must be something that cannot be doubted. There has to be something that goes beyond one's own knowledge. Descartes finds this something in thinking. Thinking is what defines a person. Thought is what cannot be separated from a person. A thinking being is spirit, soul, mind and reason. Just by the fact that I think I can say that I am. This finding cannot be questioned or doubted. As long as I am thinking, I am a truly existent, thinking being. For Descartes this is an unshakable element on which he builds his philosophy. In this sentence: “Ego cogito, ergo sum”, he realizes that in order to think one must necessarily exist. And that this is initially the only truth that cannot be doubted. Nevertheless, the doubt remains. But when Descartes doubts, he describes himself as an imperfect and dependent being and develops a clear and distinct idea of ​​an independent and perfect counterpart who can only be God. From this conception of God he deduces his existence. From the knowledge of the dependence on God, he comes to the conviction that nothing more plausible, more certain can be recognized by a human spirit than the existence of God. His initial doubts about his own capacity for knowledge has thus changed into the highest form of knowledge, the knowledge of God. In God all the treasures of knowledge and wisdom are hidden. Since one has received from God a certain ability to judge and can be certain that he does not want to deceive us, one will not be mistaken and thus, if used correctly, one arrives at the knowledge of the other things. From Helga Ranis.

Audiobook tip methodology of thinking

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