What are reflective skills

Reflection is pausing, changing perspectives and critically considering one's own values, contributions and possibilities.

Change of perspective: view what is happening from a distance

In order to be able to reflect on oneself, a person should have the ability to change perspective, that is, they should be able to view themselves and what is happening around themselves from a distance and from the outside.

Recognize your own values

Recognizing one's own values ​​in relation to development requires that one's own assumptions relating to learning and development and their effects on learning strategies and learning habits are known.

Assess yourself realistically

Neither overestimating nor underestimating one's own abilities is helpful in development. Self-assessment cannot succeed without reflection and honest feedback from outside.

Critical ability

The ability to criticize means being able to accept criticism, self-critically analyzing your own shares in success and failure and learning from the criticism.

Take responsibility for your own development

Taking responsibility for one's own further development in all areas of competence (emotional competence, group and relationship competence, appearance and communication competence, professional competence) means recognizing one's own contribution to one's own personality. This makes it easier to become more independent from therapists, counselors and teachers and to accept their feedback.

Further articles and links

Reflection in concrete terms

In the book Promoting Soft Skills by Ruth Meyer, the ability to reflect is described in Chapter 1.2.

Reflection in concrete terms


Meyer: Promote soft skills