What is a ping

What is a ping?

What is a ping, what information does it provide and what factors influence it?

What is ping

The ping is one of three important values ​​in a speed test, i.e. a test of how fast your Internet connection actually is. While the upload and download speed indicate how much data can be transmitted in a certain time, the ping value indicates how quickly this happens or how quickly a server responds to a request. For this purpose, several data packets are sent to and from a server during a speed test. The time for the way there and back gives the ping value, which is specified in milliseconds. In contrast to the upload and download speed, where a high value is desirable, the following applies to a ping value: the lower the better, because a small value means a short response time from the server. A low ping value is particularly important for video telephony and online gaming, because the faster the data transmission, the less time delay, dropouts and image shake there are in the transmission.

What times are normal for a ping test?

Basically, the smaller the ping value, the better or faster the connection. Times between ten and 100 milliseconds are considered a normal ping value. In more detail, however, it depends primarily on the connection or broadband technology used, which times are "normal".

What are the different connection technologies?

On the one hand there are the wired access technologies DSL, SDSL, VDSL, fiber optics and cable internet. In the best case, glass fiber trumps with normal ping values ​​of two to 15 milliseconds, the super-fast VDSL with around ten to 30 milliseconds and the "classic" DSL with 40 to 100 milliseconds.

On the other hand, there is radio-based technology for smartphones, tablets and other mobile devices: from the almost outdated UMTS and HSPA (3G) to LTE (4G) to the future 5G. With the current LTE, normal ping values ​​are 15 to 80 milliseconds, in the future ping values ​​of one to ten milliseconds are expected with 5G - the slowest generation comes to 200 to 400 milliseconds with UMTS and around 80 to 140 milliseconds with HSPA.

What are the causes of a high ping?

If you are measuring comparatively high ping values, you are probably surfing with an older broadband technology. In addition, it can make a difference on stationary computers whether they are connected via WLAN or a LAN cable. Other reasons for high ping values ​​are outdated hardware and drivers and briefly high data traffic, for example when you download large data packages, many programs are active at the same time (in the background) or viruses and other malware manipulate the data traffic.

You can measure the ping value of your connection in the ping test.