What is the demographics like in Tacoma Washington
|Nickname: City of Destiny|
Tacoma with Mount Rainier in the background
|Location of Tacoma in Pierce County|
|Founding:||November 12, 1875|
|Coordinates:||47 ° 14 ′ N, 122 ° 28 ′ W.|
|Time zone:||Pacific (UTC − 8 / −7)|
- Metropolitan area:
|198.397 (Status: 2010)|
|Population density:||1,529.7 inhabitants per km2|
|Surface:||162.2 km2 (about 63 mi2)|
thereof 129.7 km2 (about 50 mi2) country
|Postcodes:||98401–98409, 98411–98413, 98415, 98416, 98418, 98421, 98422, 98424, 98431, 98433, 98434, 98438, 98442–98447, 98450, 98455, 98460, 98464–98466, 98471, 98477, 98481, 98493, 98494|
Tacoma (pronounced [təˈkoʊmə]) is a medium-sized port city in Pierce County, Washington. The city is located at the southern end of the Puget Sound, about 51 km southwest of Seattle, 50 km northeast of the state capital, Olympia, and about 93 km northwest of Mount Rainier National Park. Tacoma belongs to the Metropolitan Statistical Area Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, which according to the official estimate of the U.S. Census Bureau had a population of around 3.8 million in 2016.
Seattle / Tacoma International Airport (Sea-Tac) (IATA airport code SEA) is approximately 35 km north. SeaTac is now a city in its own right. Namesake were the cities of Seattle and Tacoma, which use the airport. Tacoma is also the seat of the Pierce County district administration.
The population on April 1, 2010 was 198,397. This makes Tacoma the second largest city on Puget Sound after Seattle and the third largest city in the state after Seattle and Spokane. The inhabitants call themselves Tacomans. Mount Rainier (an active stratovolcano of the Cascade Mountains), called by the indigenous people of the Mount Tahoma region (from the Puyallup word "tacobet" for mother of water), is the namesake of the city, which is also known by the nickname "City of Destiny" . Tacoma got this nickname when the city was determined as the western terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad railway line. The choice of Tacoma was decisively influenced by its proximity to Commencement Bay in Puget Sound. By connecting sea transport to the railroad, Tacoma's motto was: "Where rails meet sails" (in German: "Where rails and sails meet"). Even today, the port of Tacoma (Port of Tacoma) is of great importance, both for the region and for the entire USA and the Pacific region. With 17 million tons of handling, the port is the sixth largest container port in North America and thus one of the main employers in the region (2004: 43,138 direct and indirect jobs). The main goods shipped are cars (mainly from Japan and Korea), construction vehicles, tractors and grain.
The Tacoma Narrows Bridge, one of the longest suspension bridges in the world, connects Tacoma with the Kitsap Peninsula via Highway 16. At the beginning of the 21st century, the city administration invested large sums in the renewal of the inner city. Among other things, a campus for a branch of the University of Washington was built, a modern electric tram (Tacoma Link) was installed and various museums were built or renovated. The "Thea Foss Waterway", a small bay, has been extensively restored and is home to a marina, among other things.
Tacoma has been named one of the most livable cities in the country. The city has also been named one of the best cities in America to experience on foot. However, a study in 2004 came to the conclusion that Tacoma was the most stressful city in the combination of unemployment, divorce rate, commuting times, suicide rate, crime rate, poor mental health, alcohol abuse and many cloud days (among the 30 cities examined).
Tacoma is located in the northwest of the USA in the state of Washington, on Commencement Bay, a bay in the Puget Sound between Seattle in the northwest (51 km) and Olympia (50 km) at the southern end of the sound. In the west are the Olympic Mountains, in the east the Cascade Mountains with Mount Rainier. This is part of what is known as the Pacific Northwest. Tacoma is the capital of Pierce County.
The city's largest river, the Puyallup, has its source in the Cascade Mountains on Mount Rainier and flows into Commencement Bay in the port area. The Puyallup is approximately 72 km (45 miles) long and transports approximately 80 m³ of water per second. Other smaller rivers and streams are: Wapato Creek, Hylebos Creek.
The city rises to 146.9 m (482 feet) from the bay. The total area of the city is 162.2 km², divided into 129.7 km² of land and 32.5 km² of water. This means that one fifth of the city's total area is water. Tacoma is the largest city in Pierce County and the third largest city in the state. Mount Rainier is visible from almost the entire city area, the active and potentially most dangerous volcano in the Cascade Range is an integral part of the cityscape. In the event of a volcanic eruption, parts of the city, especially around the port, are at risk of flooding and mudslides. Another danger is volcanic ash, which can reach large areas in the Tacomas area. Escape routes have been established for effective evacuation, so-called "Volcano Evacuation Routes", which are indicated with special road signs.
Tacoma is located on the North American continental plate, in the "Puget Lowland" on up to one kilometer thick deposits from the Quaternary. The Juan de Fuca plate dips under the North American plate (subduction).
The Cascade Mountains with the active volcano Mount Rainier extend to the east. The proximity to these mountains, especially to Mt. Rainier, harbors a potential earthquake hazard. For Tacoma, an eruption of the stratovolcano means a major threat to the urban area around the Puyallup River from mudslides and to the entire city from ash rain.
The urban area is characterized by flat land, the so-called tide flats in the east and hilly landscape in the north, west and south with sometimes very steep slopes, especially in the city center.
Tacoma borders on the following neighboring communities:
West of Tacoma:
East of Tacoma:
North of Tacoma:
South of Tacoma:
City districts and neighborhoods
- Central Tacoma
- Hilltop: Borders: 6th Avenue to the north, 25th Street to the south, Yakima Avenue to the east, and Sprague Avenue to the west. Historically, Hilltop is an Afro-American neighborhood. This neighborhood was named after its location on a hill above Commencement Bay and the harbor. The Tacoma Public Library headquarters, Bates Technical College, Pierce County Courthouse, and Pierce County Correctional Facility are located in Hilltop. In late 1980 and early 1990, the Hilltop neighborhood had big problems with crime, especially gangs like the West Coast Crips and drugs, especially cocaine. Since the mid-nineties, these problems have been going through neighborhood watch, a civil neighborhood patrol, increased police presence and increased investments in commercial buildings have been mitigated and partially relocated to other parts of the city. The eastern districts of the city are currently the center of gang activity.
- Downtown Tacoma: Boundaries: Between Pacific Avenue and St. Helens Street. Downtown Tacoma is at the intersection of 9th Street and Broadway, with three theaters. The Tacoma Convention Center, Rialto Theater, Pantageous Theater, Theater on the Square, and the Bostwick Building are distinctive buildings in the neighborhood. The city's Christmas tree is also set up annually in downtown Tacoma. The Tacoma Convention Center was built in 2004 for $ 84 million and is considered the most important factor in accelerating the revitalization and modernization of the area. The district is known for other historical buildings such as the former Union Station, the Winthrop Hotel and the Old City Hall. There are also many dining options in Downton Tacoma, especially on Pacific Avenue.
- Stadium District (shared with “North End”): Boundaries: Between “North Slope” and Hilltop. The Stadium District is a historic district of Tacoma that consists primarily of shops and apartment blocks. The Tacoma Little Theater, Tacoma's Landmark Temple Theater and Stadium High School are located here.
- Dome District
- McKinley Hill
- Salishan: Salishan was created after World War II to provide affordable housing for military personnel, veterans and their families. Tacoma was a primary location for this due to its proximity to the US Army Fort Lewis and McChord Air Force Base. The remaining parts were bought up by the Metropolitan Park District Tacoma and Swan Creek Park. Salishan is a neighborhood that is very poor. 57.4% of Salishan's residents, 64.5% of those under 18 and 52.6% of those over 65 live below the poverty line. 43.2% are single parents. 53.53% are Asians, 10.81% African-Americans and 23.55% are so-called whites.
- In 2001, the city received $ 35 million from the HOPE VI program to redevelop the district and make it safer. A $ 200 million redevelopment plan has been put in place. This plan envisages demolishing the existing dwellings completely and replacing them with 1200 new houses in a mix of property and properties to be rented. This plan also includes a new hospital, technology center, and several childcare facilities. The main focus of the project is to transform it into a more urban environment with green spaces.
- Northeast Tacoma: Boundaries: The port of Tacoma in the southwest, Fife (Fife Heights) in the southeast, Browns Point in the northwest and King County in the northeast form the boundaries of Northeast Tacoma. By separating Tacoma from the port area, Northeast Tacoma has the character of a satellite city. The district has grown steadily over the past few decades and has had a major impact on the increase in Tacoma's population. Northeast Tacoma is Tacoma's most affluent neighborhood. Due to the hillside location, many houses have an excellent view of Commencement Bay. At 146.9 meters (482 feet) above sea level, Indian Hill is the largest elevation in Tacoma.
- Browns Point (not incorporated): Boundaries: Northeast Tacoma forms the boundary to the southeast and the Puget Sound to all other sides. Browns Point was named after Alvin Harris, a sail maker on the Wilkes Expedition. The most striking point is the lighthouse built in 1887, rebuilt in 1933 and fully automated in 1963. The tower and the nearby hut were included in the American Register of Historic Places.
- Crescent Heights
- South end
- South Tacoma
- Fern Hill: Borders: Fern Hill is bounded by South 72nd Street to the north, to the south by the city limits on 96th Street, to the west by South Sheridan Ave and to the east by Pacific Avenue. Fern Hill includes a branch of the Tacoma Public Library, a large church, an elementary school, and several stately historic buildings. Fern Hill has three parks three blocks away.
- West Tacoma
- North Tacoma: Borders: 6th Avenue to the south and Division Avenue to the east. North Tacoma borders Commencement Bay to the north and west. Compared to the rest of the city, North Tacoma is more affluent and consists largely of middle-class people. North Tacoma has traditionally been a lower middle class neighborhood, with many fishermen living there. Although North Tacoma is often viewed as the satellite community of Seattle, most North Tacoma residents work in Tacoma itself, an unusually high number in occupations such as education, health, and social services. Politically, North Tacoma is largely Democratic, national, state, and local.
- North Slope: Boundaries: There are no defined boundaries for this district, the transition is often fluid, especially towards Yakima Hill. Commonly accepted boundaries are North I Street, Division Avenue to the southeast, 6th Avenue to the south, and Steele Street to the west as the boundary. The neighborhood is relatively affluent and has a population with a high level of education.
- Old Tacoma: Old Tacoma is used in Tacomas' daily life as a Old Town designated. Historic buildings from the 1880s and cobblestones justify the name. The replica of Job Carr's hut was built here, and Tacoma's first church was also built here. There is a healthy mix of retail and offices here. Old Tacoma also has a particularly good view of Commencement Bay.
- Proctor District: The Proctor District is home to a number of unique retailers, banks and shops for everyday essentials. The neighborhood has retained a small-town flair within Tacoma. The Blue Mouse Theater, a small movie theater, opened on November 23, 1923.
- Prospect Hill: Due to the location with a view of the bay, the most expensive houses in the city are also located here, even if only a few lots have a really good view.
- Ruston (independent) border: Completely surrounded by Tacoma, in the northeast the Commencement Bay forms a natural closure. Ruston is actually not a district of Tacoma, but a legally independent municipality, but the majority of the residents of Ruston consider themselves to be citizens of the city of Tacoma. Ruston is often called North end designated by Tacoma.
- Ruston Way: Ruston Way is a popular strolling destination on Commencement Bay and a summer gathering place for the Tacoma youth.
- Skyline: Skyline is sometimes called "Narrows View", a reference to the view of the Tacoma Narrows. The center is Skyline Drive.
- Stadium District (shared with "Downtown Tacoma"), see above
- Yakima Hill: Boundaries: North I Street to the south-southwest, Tacoma Avenue to the north-northeast, North Borough Road to the west, North Stadium Way to the north, and North 3rd Street to the east. Yakima Hill is a quiet, quite affluent area. Most of the development consists of residential buildings. The Annie Wright School and a private tennis club
Several military facilities are located near the city limits:
- Fort Lewis (Army)
- Madigan Army Medical Center
- McChord Air Force Base
Tacoma is in the temperate zone. In general, there is a moderate climate with humid winters and pleasant summer temperatures, whereby 30 ° C can be reached and exceeded. The climate is mainly determined by the Pacific Ocean and produces abundant winter rainfall. The climatic area is called the Puget Lowlands. As part of the Pacific Northwest, the famous rain is also found here, but to a lesser extent than is commonly thought. Average rainfall in Tacoma is just 94 centimeters (37 inches), less than other metropolitan areas in the United States. Most of the precipitation falls in the winter months, the average maximum temperature is 7 ° C. In summer, the average maximum temperature is 24 ° C with low humidity.
The proximity to the Pacific and the Cascade Range contributes to the mild climate. The number of sunny days averages 141 per year.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Tacoma
On October 12, 1962, the strongest storm to date hit Tacoma. This is called Mother of all storms of the century designated. Wind speeds of up to 140 km / h (88 mph) have been recorded in Tacoma and up to 240 km / h (150 mph) in other areas. This event will The Columbus Day Wind Storm called.
The storm claimed a total of 46 lives and $ 235 million in damage to buildings in an area from California to British Columbia, Canada. 35,396,000 m³ of wood with a value of 750 million US dollars at the time fell victim to the storm.
The area around Tacoma was first settled by the Native Americans, mainly the Puyallup tribe. Various European explorers made trips to the Tacoma area, including George Vancouver and Charles Wilkes, who named many landmarks (including Mount Rainier) and drew the first maps.
Job Carr, a Civil War veteran, Quaker, pioneer, and postal worker, was one of the first to populate Tacoma at Christmas 1864. He built his hut where is now Old Tacoma.In the Indian language, the area is Shu-bahl-up called, the protected place. The first sawmill was built in 1852 by Nicholas Delin, a native of Sweden. It had a capacity of approximately 600 meters (2000 feet) per day. Delin and Carr were the only white people in the area at the time.
In the hope of profit from rising land prices after completion of the planned intercontinental railroad with the terminus at Commencement Bay, although at the time no one knew where the terminus for the railroad line authorized by President Abraham Lincoln would be.
Another investor was Matthew Morton McCarver, who among other things bought about four hectares of land from Job Carr, who kept about two hectares.
The first ship that was to call at the new settlement had to be guided with burning stumps and gunfire, as the town was still very small at the time and the ship's officers could not find the way. With this ship McCarver's later son-in-law Clinton P. Ferry reached the new settlement. Ferry founded the Ferry Museum and bequeathed two-thirds of his fortune to the museum for maintenance. Ferry liked to be the one Duke of Tacoma describe Three other investors from San Francisco founded the "Hanson Ackerson & Co." sawmill right on the waterline. Approx. 12 km (40,000 feet) of wood was sawn per day. The first hotel was founded by Janet Elder Steele and her husband. The 24-room hotel opened in February 1869 and has operated successfully for 15 years. In the fall of 1868, the town consisted of Job Carr's Cottage and two buildings under construction, the Steele Hotel and the Hanson Ackerson & Co. sawmill. McCarver named his town "Commencement City," and Phillip Ritz, a nursery owner, named the town of Ritzville, Washington suggested that the city be named Tacoma. Ritz was inspired by the book Canoe and Saddle by Theodore Winthorp. Ritz brought the black poplar(Populus nigra Italica) in the Pacific Northwest.
The name Tacoma was formally adopted after a meeting with McCarver's banks, and McCarver gave C.P. Ferry orders to change the name on the map. This card can be viewed in the Ferry Museum today. On December 16, 1873, Job Carr, "Skookum Smith," McCarver, General Sprague, and John Ralston hit the final nail to complete the construction of the Kalama-Tacoma railroad.
In 1874, Jobb Carr and his son Howard represented Old Tacoma in negotiations with the representatives of New Tacoma in order to unite the two parts into one city. Jobb Carr was elected President of Old Tacoma's five representatives. This makes him, in the broadest sense, the first mayor of Tacoma, in addition to his positions as first postmaster and first notary. McCarver did not live to see the official founding of Tacoma, he died on April 17, 1875 after catching a bad cold on the way to newly discovered coal deposits at Puyallup.
The first local newspaper, The Pacific Tribune, was published by Thomas Prosch on August 9, 1873, and appeared every evening. The last edition appeared on June 11, 1875, Prosch moved the headquarters of the newspaper to Seattle and changed the name to the Seattle Pacific Tribune. After a little over a year, this newspaper was also discontinued. Thomas Prosch then became editor of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer newspaper. Job Carr's daughter Marietta and her young son died on October 8, 1875, when the ship Pacific sank on Juan de Fuca Strait. The Pacific sank after a collision with the ship Orpheus, 273 of the 275 passengers of the Pacific died in the accident.
A replica of Job Carr's hut, which also served as Tacoma's first post office (opened March 25, 1869), was built in 2000 in the "Old Town" area near the former location, between Carr Street and McCarver Street. Carr's son Anthony was entrusted with delivering the mail between Steilacoom and the new post office. Job Carr's grandfather, Colonel Caleb Carr, became the first governor of the state of Rhode Island on the east coast of the United States after the Civil War.
Tacoma was officially founded on November 12, 1875; the first settlement was established in 1864. Tacoma's forerunner, Commencement City, was founded in 1868. In 1873 the Northern Pacific Railway opened a station called New Tacoma near the settlement, above the "tideflats" of the existing settlement. Nicholas Delin tried to convince McCarver to build the settlement where the new train station was being built, but McCarver believed his chosen location would be the better one. As a result, everyone who had invested in Commencement City / Old Tacoma before the location of the station was determined had only a small profit. In 1883 the two places were united under the name Tacoma. The hopes for prosperity placed on the railroad, hence the nickname "City of Destiny", were shaken by the gold rush on the Klondike River at the end of the 19th century. In contrast to Tacoma, Seattle profited greatly from this boom.
In 1880, George Francis Train undertook a circumnavigation of the world starting (March 18) and ending (May 24) in Tacoma to set a new speed record and to emphasize the central location of Tacoma. His attempt to record lasted exactly 67 days, 18 hours, 2 minutes and 55 seconds. Today a plaque with the start and finish point in the city center reminds of this early advertising measure. Several thousand Chinese people living peacefully in Tacoma were driven out of the city in November 1885, and on November 4, 1885, 2 Chinese settlements burned to the ground. This action, which was led by the then mayor, is now called the Tacoma method.
On December 26, 1886, electric street lighting was put into operation for the first time. 36,000 inhabitants were counted in 1890.
In 1893, at a meeting of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Civil War veteran Russell G. O'Brien passed a resolution demanding that all Legion members stand up and remove their headgear when the national anthem was played. This behavior soon became a tradition throughout the United States of America.
In the winter of 1929/1930 the city suffered from a 30-day blackout. The aircraft carrier Lexington supplied the city with electricity with on-board generators. The Navy received an amount of US $ 60,000 for this.
During the Second World War, a total of 74 warships were launched in Tacomas shipyards, and more than 30,000 workers were busy with the production at peak times.
The Tacoma Narrows Bridge, also known as the "Gallopping Gertie", collapsed on November 7, 1940, four months after it opened, and was not rebuilt until 10 years later, a necessity given the population on the "Key" across from Tacoma Peninsula ”peninsula steadily increased and with it the number of vehicles. After the first planning began in 1998, a parallel bridge was built from October 2002 to June 2007, which was officially opened on July 16, 2007, as the old Tacoma Narrows Bridge and Stateroute 16 are subject to the steadily increasing volume of traffic and the regulations for earthquake safety were no longer fair. The project was completed in summer 2008 with the renovation and earthquake-proof retrofitting of the old bridge structure, as one bridge is now used in each direction of travel, namely the original bridge in south-north and the new bridge in north-south direction. The project cost a total of $ 849 million. The new bridge has a toll booth on the kitsap side. The new bridge construction is designed for a service life up to 2070, the renovation of the old bridge should extend its service life up to 2030.
The "Port Industrial Waterway" bridge, called "Blair Bridge", was built in 1953 and closed and demolished again in 1997 due to the expansion of the "Blair Waterway", as the opening of the bridge with approx ships in the future were no longer sufficient. The bridge spanned approximately 300 feet of waterway.
The Cheney Stadium opened in 1960 after just three months of construction. The baseball stadium has been home to seven teams in minor league baseball (Pacific Coast League) since it opened, and for the Tacoma Rainiers, part of the Seattle Mariners, since 1995.
The nation's first moving walkway went into operation on February 27, 1961 in Tacoma.
In 1998, the installation of fiber optic cables across the city began. The city-owned company "City of Tacoma Power" raised Tacoma to number 1 in the list of cities with the most densely supplied optical data lines, Tacoma is called America's "most wired city". The investment was over $ 100 million. Approximately 1,127 km (700 miles) of cable were laid, and telecommunications companies Qwest and AT&T added over $ 200 million to capital expenditures for expansion throughout Pierce County.
Tacoma has a widely branched system of tunnels underneath many roads that the Chinese people created. These officially inaccessible tunnels have been partially explored by adventurers. There should be tunnels from the stadium to the Tacoma General Hospital.
- In Tacoma stands the historical Nisqually Power Substation (also known as Tacoma Substation & Storage House), a substation built in 1911. The two buildings were dated April 25, 2001 National Register of Historic Places recorded as historical monuments with the number 01000429.
- The historical Fireboat station (also known as Fire Station No. 18th) in Tacoma is located at 302 East 11th Street. It was dated 1986 NRHP included (NRHP 86000978).
Over the past 15 years, the city has made great efforts to improve its appearance and, in particular, to revitalize the inner city. In 1990 the University of Washington opened a branch in Tacoma and the historic Union Station was restored. The “Museum of Glass” opened in 2002 and shows glass art by local and international artists. A fully functional glass blowing workshop is part of the museum. It is currently at an automobile museum, Harold LeMay America's Car Museum worked near the Tacoma Dome. The Tacoma Convention and Trade Center, a modern steel and glass structure, opened in June 2004. In 1996 the Washington State Historical Museum was opened in the so-called "Cultural District" and in 2003 the Tacoma Art Museum. The interest in residential and commercial buildings in the city center has been increasing steadily since 2002, and real estate prices have risen to the same extent.
In 2004, Tacoma was voted one of the top 30 best cities to live in. This annual survey is carried out by "Partners for Livable Communities".
According to the US Census 2000, the proportion of whites is 69.08%, while Afro-Americans are represented with 11.24%. In 2000 there were 76,152 households in Tacoma, 30.9% with children under the age of 18. 41.6% were married couples. 31.7% were single households. Of these single households, 10.4% were 65 years of age or older. The average number of people per household was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.10. 25.8% of the population were under 18 years of age, 10.4% from 18 to 24 years of age, 31.6% from 25 to 44 years of age, 20.3% from 45 to 64 years of age and 11.9% from 65 years of age and older.
The per capita income was US $ 19,130, the median income was US $ 27,697 for the female and US $ 35,820 for the male population of Tacoma. 11.4% of families, 20.6% under 18 years of age and 10.9% of those over 65 years of age, lived below the poverty line.
The city of Tacoma is governed by a nine-member "City Council". The members are next to the mayor and her deputy: Justin Camarata, Keith Blocker, Catherine Ushka, Chris Beale, Lillian Hunter, Conor McCarthy and Ryan Mello (as of 2018). All members are elected for a period of four years. The elections always take place in an odd year. The council passes laws and regulations, approves the budget for two years, and performs other functions. The members meet in individual, so-called “Standing Committees”, where work is carried out in more narrowly defined areas such as the environment and safety. Other areas, for example transport, poverty and economics, are dealt with in individual working groups called “boards”. The members of the Council regularly take part in these meetings. The day-to-day business is taken over by the “City Manager” appointed by the Council, who reports to the Council.
Victoria Woodards was elected Mayor in 2017. Anders Ibsen is her deputy, this post is called "Deputy Mayor".
Tacoma has fourteen international city partnerships (as of 2017):
- Will Google create a superior crypto currency
- Why is Esperanto not the global lingua franca
- How are black holes examined
- Why do computer programmers call themselves engineers?
- How can I invest in oil
- Can blockchain be used for web applications
- How do I download free computer software
- Is the band Cream underestimated?
- What are the best children's books we have
- Why don't electricity companies mine bitcoins
- What is Snoop Dogg famous for?
- Dhoni is a god
- Which startups in Melbourne, Australia are hiring
- What is encephalopathy
- Are children really important in life
- Jimmy Page wrote songs
- What is the specialty of Varanasi
- What are the best degrees online
- What are gluons
- Where can I get SRN
- How much has Empire Avenue increased
- Is onion good for your hair
- How long do chess tournaments last
- How can I sell online coaching