What do people think of visiting Haiti

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Current

Protests and violence

The confusing political situation in the country has recently worsened. Protest actions, including the use of firearms, and road blockades, as well as violent clashes by criminal gangs are currently affecting life in large parts of the country.

In addition, especially in the greater Port-au-Prince area, there are frequent kidnappings, including of foreign nationals. The perpetrators sometimes proceed with great brutality.

  • If you need to travel to Haiti, please contact the Port-au-Prince embassy if possible before departure.
  • Find out about local media, including social media.
  • Keep your movements to a minimum and stay in safe shelters during the protests.
  • Avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people in large areas.
  • Follow the instructions of the security guards.

COVID-19

The spread of COVID-19 leads to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and negative effects on public life.
Before unnecessary, tourist trips to Haiti is currently warned.

Epidemiological situation

Haiti has been less affected by COVID-19 so far. The regional focus is the region around the capital Port-au-Prince. Haiti is still classified as a risk area.
Haiti's health system remains inadequately prepared for COVID-19 cases.

The Ministry of Public Health and Population and the World Health Organization (WHO) provide current and detailed figures.

entry

Entry by air, land and sea is basically possible without restrictions. Body temperature is checked upon entry. In addition, a negative PCR or antigen test must be presented, which must not be older than 72 hours. Otherwise, a fortnightly quarantine at home is mandatory.

Transit and onward travel

Transit and onward travel is generally possible.

Travel connections

There are currently very few flight connections available.

Restrictions in the country

There is a curfew between midnight and 4 a.m.

Hygiene rules

A mask is required in all closed, publicly accessible rooms (shops, authorities, etc.).

  • Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities.
  • Find out about detailed measures and additional information from the Haitian government.
  • In the event of COVID-19 symptoms or contact with infected people, contact the nearest doctor by phone.
  • Stays in foreign countries can currently affect the possibility of entering other countries. Therefore, find out about the current regulations on entry, transit and quarantine in the respective travel countries via the travel and safety information before starting any trip.
  • When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, test and quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the relevant company or your tour operator, if necessary, and contact the health department at your place of residence or residence if you are entering from a risk area . Further information can be found in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.

security

We strongly advise against traveling to Haiti at the moment.

terrorism

Domestic situation

The political and social situation in the country is very tense. Protest actions and violent clashes by criminal gangs can flare up at any time. In connection with the elections taking place this year, the situation is likely to worsen in the coming period. Some criminal groups have joined forces and are seeking political participation. They also do not shy away from public demonstrations of power.
There are regular violent clashes, including the use of firearms, and road blockades. Lately, there have also been targeted assassinations and increased kidnappings in quiet residential areas, which also affected foreign nationals. Access to Port-au-Prince and Cap Haïtien International Airports may also be temporarily blocked. The police are not always able to effectively establish security and order.

  • If you plan to travel to Haiti, contact the Port-au-Prince embassy if possible before departure.
  • Find out about local media, including social media.
  • Keep your movements to a minimum and stay in safe shelters during the protests.
  • Avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people in large areas.
  • Follow the instructions of the security guards.

crime

The general level of crime is high. In Port-au-Prince in particular, foreigners, who are generally considered to be wealthy, are preferred victims of robbery. Targeted armed robberies occur particularly during and after banking, but also after dark in the vicinity of high-class restaurants. People who arrive on the way from the airport to the city are often victims of violence. There are repeated abductions for the purpose of extorting ransom. The perpetrators sometimes proceed with great brutality. There is also general street crime, the victims of which are selected at random.

  • As far as possible, avoid cash withdrawals from banks and use credit cards instead.
  • If you need cash that cannot be postponed, use ATMs in the large supermarkets, which are better guarded.
  • If possible, keep valuables in a safe place (hotel safe) and do not leave them in the car.
  • Pay particular attention to your travel documents (passport, ticket, etc.). It is usually sufficient to carry copies with you, e.g. on excursions.
  • Avoid arriving at the airport after dark and, if possible, let someone you trust pick you up. Only give your arrival details to a few reliable people.
  • Avoid using shared taxis and motorcycle taxis, especially in Port-au-Prince, and do not walk.
  • Do not offer any resistance in the event of a robbery and avoid an escalation of violence.
  • In any case, avoid staying in the following areas of Port-au-Prince, which are largely controlled by criminal gangs: Cité Soleil, Village-de-Dieux, Croix-des-Bouquets, Martissant, Carrefour, Bel Air, Cité Militaire and Jean-Marie Vincent.

Nature and climate

The climate is subtropical to tropical.
Cyclone season is from June to the end of November. During this time, tropical storms and heavy rainfall must be expected, which lead to floods and landslides.

Haiti is in a seismically active zone, so earthquakes must be expected. Tsunamis can also occur on the coasts after seaquakes.

Travel info

language

Basic knowledge of French, if necessary also English or Spanish, is essential for traveling to Haiti. However, the vast majority of the Haitian population only speaks Haitian Kréol, a mixture of French and African languages.

Infrastructure / traffic

Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.

Entry into Haiti from the Dominican Republic by land is only permitted via the official border crossings. Illegal border crossing is punishable and life-threatening.

Instead of warning triangles, green branches are used in Haiti, which are some distance away from a broken-down vehicle on the road and warn them to be careful.

The entire infrastructure of the country (health system, road network, telecommunications, water and energy supply, etc.) only functions to a limited extent.

Cellular coverage is usually guaranteed in cities, but not in rural areas.

  • Be especially careful when driving overland. Overtaking maneuvers in blind spots are not uncommon.
  • Avoid driving overland after dark.
  • If you are traveling alone, leave information about the route, duration and accessibility at the hotel or with friends.
  • If you come to a road blockade that is clearly not being controlled by the police, turn around; do not wait in the immediate vicinity for such a blockade to be cleared.

Driver's license

The international driving license is required and is only valid in conjunction with the national German driving license.

LGBTIQ

There is a latent homophobia in Haiti, which is particularly directed against the legal recognition of same-sex marriages. In everyday life, however, no discrimination against foreigners has come to light. A bill that would expressly prohibit homosexual marriages and make advocating such marriages a criminal offense has not yet been passed.

Legal specifics

Possession, use and trafficking in drugs are severely punished. In the case of criminal prosecution, legal proceedings that sometimes last for years and prison sentences under very poor conditions are to be expected.

  • Avoid at all costs taking letters, parcels etc. for other people across the border and do not transport them within the country without knowing their contents.

Money / credit cards

Legal tender is the Haitian Gourde-HTG. Payment in US dollars is also often possible. Euros or other currencies are only accepted in exceptional cases. HTG can be obtained from ATMs in Port-au-Prince and some provincial towns, but these do not always work reliably. In markets and smaller pubs, prices are sometimes given in dollars, which means the fictitious currency Haitian dollars (1 Haitian dollar = 5 Gourdes).

International credit cards are accepted in the larger hotels, restaurants and large supermarkets in the capital.

  • Withdraw Haitian currency with credit cards at ATMs in large supermarkets or exchange US dollars for HTG there.
  • Bring some US dollar cash.

Entry and customs

Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.

Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without notifying the Foreign Office beforehand. Legally binding information and / or information going beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods can only be obtained directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.

Travel documents

Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:

  • Passport: yes
  • Temporary passport: no
  • Identity card: no
  • Temporary identity card: no
  • Children's passport: yes

Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Travel documents must be valid for at least six months at the time of entry.

visa

German citizens do not need a visa for a stay of up to three months. An immigration form and a customs declaration must be completed upon arrival. A section of the entry form must be presented again upon departure.

A ticket for the onward or return journey must also be available.

For stays of more than three months, you must apply for a visa at the responsible Haitian diplomatic mission abroad.

Entry and exit

Tourists and business travelers must pay a US $ 10 tourism tax upon entry. This tax can alternatively be paid in euros or Canadian dollars (10, - each).

Taxes / fees will be charged upon departure. These are integrated in the ticket prices of international airlines. By land, the tax has to be paid at the border, most recently 30 US dollars plus 600 gourdes. On the regular bus routes between Haiti and the Dominican Republic, it is also paid for with the ticket.

  • Fill out the immigration forms completely and keep the stamped section of the form in a safe place for your departure.
  • If you arrive individually by land, you should bring enough cash in small denominations with you in order to be able to pay the entry fees appropriately.

Minors

There are no known special regulations for the entry of minors.

Import regulations

The Federal Foreign Office has no indications of special customs regulations. In some cases, products from animals are offered in Haiti that are subject to the international species protection agreement and whose importation into the EU and most other countries is illegal.

health

Current

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.

Cholera can be transmitted in Haiti through insufficiently treated drinking water or raw food. Only a small proportion of people infected with cholera fall ill and of these, the majority with a comparatively mild clinical course, see cholera.

measles

In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.

  • As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.

Vaccination protection

No compulsory vaccinations are required for direct entry from Germany. When entering from a yellow fever area, proof of a yellow fever vaccination must be provided for all travelers over the age of one.

  • Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the Robert Koch Institute's vaccination calendar up to date.
  • Vaccinations against typhoid and hepatitis A are recommended as travel vaccinations, and in the case of long-term stays or special exposure also against hepatitis B, rabies and cholera.
  • Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
  • The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.

Zika virus infection

The predominantly diurnal Aedes- Mosquito-borne infection with Zika viruses can lead to malformations in children during pregnancy and neurological complications in adults.

Dengue fever

Dengue viruses are nationwide by diurnal Aedes- Mosquitoes transmitted. The disease is usually associated with fever, skin rash and pronounced pain in the limbs and is increasingly affecting travelers as well. In rare cases, especially in children, serious complications, including possible death, occur. Overall, however, complications for travelers are rare. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy against dengue fever, see information sheet on dengue fever.

  • To avoid dengue fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.

Chikungunya

Chikungunya viruses are diurnal Aedes- Mosquitoes transmitted. The disease is characterized by a high fever and possibly prolonged joint and muscle pain. The symptoms can often not be clearly distinguished from other mosquito-borne diseases. Chikungunya fever does not always heal without consequences; long-term rheumatoid-like symptoms rarely occur. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy, see leaflet Chikungunya fever.

  • To avoid Chikungunya fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.

malaria

Malaria is caused by crepuscular and nocturnal anopheles- Mosquitoes transmitted. If left untreated, the dangerous one is particularly dangerous Malaria tropica often fatal in non-immune Europeans. The disease can break out weeks to months after your stay in the risk area, see Malaria leaflet.

  • If you develop a fever during or even months after a corresponding trip, see your doctor as soon as possible and inform him about your stay in a malaria area.

All year round there is a low risk in the whole country below 600m, also in the cities. There is minimal risk in Port-au-Prince.To avoid malaria, protect yourself consistently against insect bites as part of exposure prophylaxis. You should pay particular attention to the following points:

  • Wear light-colored clothing that covers the body (long trousers, long shirts).
  • Repeatedly apply insect repellent to all exposed parts of the body, during the day (dengue) as well as in the evening and at night (malaria).
  • If necessary, sleep under an impregnated mosquito net.

Depending on the travel profile, in addition to the necessary exposure prophylaxis, chemoprophylaxis (tablet intake) is also useful. Various prescription drugs (e.g. atovaquone proguanil, doxycycline, mefloquine) are available on the German market for this purpose.

  • Discuss the choice of medication and its personal adjustment as well as side effects or intolerance to other medication with a tropical medicine or travel medicine specialist before taking it.
  • It is recommended that you bring sufficient supplies with you.

HIV / AIDS

There is always a high risk of HIV transmission through sexual contact, drug use (unclean syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions.

  • Always use condoms, especially on casual acquaintances.

Diarrheal diseases

Diarrheal illnesses are common travel illnesses, see information sheet on diarrheal illnesses. However, through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene, most diarrheal diseases and also cholera (see below) can be avoided. Therefore, to protect your health, please observe the following basic information:

  • Only drink water of safe origin, never tap water. A previously opened bottle can be identified more easily by purchasing carbonated bottled water.
  • If possible, use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you are out and about.
  • If bottled water is not available, use filtered, disinfected, or boiled water.
  • Cook or peel food yourself.
  • Make sure you keep flies away from your food.
  • Wash your hands with soap as often as possible, but always before preparing and eating.
  • If possible, disinfect your hands with liquid disinfectant.

cholera

Cholera is transmitted through insufficiently treated drinking water or raw food and can therefore be avoided through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene. Only a small part of the people infected with cholera get sick and of these in turn the majority with a comparatively mild course. The indication for a cholera vaccination is only given very rarely, usually only in the case of special exposures such as working in hospitals with cholera patients, see information sheet on cholera.

  • If necessary, seek advice from a tropical or travel doctor with regard to your risk profile.

Leptospirosis

Throughout the year, leptospirosis can occasionally be transmitted through water contaminated with rodent secretions, among other things.
This bacterial infection usually proceeds like a mild flu-like infection, but in rare cases can also lead to serious involvement of the liver and kidneys.
If exposure is to be expected, drug prophylaxis with doxycycline can be carried out in individual cases after careful risk assessment by a travel or tropical medicine specialist.

Medical supplies

The availability of health and emergency care is inadequate in the capital and especially in rural areas, i.e. generally not comparable with European technical and hygienic standards.

  • Take out travel health and repatriation insurance for the duration of your stay abroad. The German Liaison Office for Health Insurance - Abroad provides detailed information.
  • Take an individual first-aid kit with you and protect it against high temperatures when you are out and about, see information sheet on first-aid kit.
  • Before you go on a trip, seek personal advice from tropical medicine advice centers, tropical doctors or travel doctors and adjust your vaccination protection, even if you have already experienced the tropics from other regions. Corresponding doctors can be found e.g. B. via the DTG.

In addition to the general disclaimer, please note:

  • All information is intended for the information of medically trained. They are not a substitute for the consultation of a doctor.
  • The recommendations are tailored to direct entry from Germany to a travel destination, especially for longer stays on site. For shorter trips, entries from third countries and trips to other areas of the country, deviations may apply.
  • All information is always dependent on the individual circumstances of the traveler and may require medical advice.
  • In spite of the best possible efforts, the medical information is always only an offer of advice. They cannot cover all medical aspects, eliminate all doubts or always be completely up-to-date. You stay responsible for your healthy.

Country information about your travel destination

Here you will find the addresses of the responsible diplomatic missions and information on politics and bilateral relations with Germany.

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Further information for your trip

The global threat of terrorist attacks and kidnappings remains unchanged.

Since September 2014, the terrorist organizations "Al Qaida" and "Islamic State" (IS